1 Corinthians


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1 Corinthians Author: Paul Date: 56 AD Paul wrote this epistle from Ephesus on his 3rd missionary journey after receiving news of problems in Corinth. Destination: Corinth The church in Corinth was established by Paul on his second missionary journey 50-51 AD (see Acts 18). At that time Corinth was the capital of the Roman Province of Achaia (Southern Greece). It was a key port city of about 700,000 people. Corinth became synonymous with moral corruption. It was the home of the Temple of Aphrodite where 1,000 prostitutes practiced their trade in the name of religion. The city became notorious throughout the Roman World. Paul stayed in Corinth for about 18 months, living in the home of Aquila and Priscilla, while preaching and practicing his trade of tentmaking. Theme: Correcting Carnal Christians This epistle was written to correct carnal Christians. Paul confronts factions, immorality, lawsuits, and abuse of the Lord’s Supper. He also answers questions raised by the Corinthians about marriage, food offered to idols, regulation of public worship and the resurrection. Key Verse: 19

“Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, 20 for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.” 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (ESV)

1 Corinthians #1: The Qualities of a Pastor/Elder in the Church This is important because:  everything rises and falls with leadership.  the Bible says that you are to submit and to obey your leaders.  the criticalness of our mission that Jesus has given us.  the Bible calls you to give your time, money, and energy to the church so you better trust who is directing the ship. 1

“Paul, called by the will of God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus, and our brother Sosthenes,” 1 Corinthians 1:1 (ESV)

The right man is:  called by God. 1

“The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a noble task. 2Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. 4He must manage his own household well, with all dignity keeping his children submissive, 5for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for God’s church? 6He must not be a recent convert, or he may become puffed up with conceit and fall into the condemnation of the devil. 7Moreover, he must be well thought of by outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into a snare of the devil.” 1 Timothy 3:1-7 (ESV)  worthy to be followed.