1 Corinthians


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1 Corinthians Author: Paul Date: 56 AD Paul wrote this epistle from Ephesus on his 3rd missionary journey after receiving news of problems in Corinth. Destination: Corinth The church in Corinth was established by Paul on his second missionary journey 50-51 AD (see Acts 18). At that time Corinth was the capital of the Roman Province of Achaia (Southern Greece). It was a key port city of about 700,000 people. Corinth became synonymous with moral corruption. It was the home of the Temple of Aphrodite where 1,000 prostitutes practiced their trade in the name of religion. The city became notorious throughout the Roman World. Paul stayed in Corinth for about 18 months, living in the home of Aquila and Priscilla, while preaching and practicing his trade of tentmaking. Theme: Correcting Carnal Christians This epistle was written to correct carnal Christians. Paul confronts factions, immorality, lawsuits, and abuse of the Lord’s Supper. He also answers questions raised by the Corinthians about marriage, food offered to idols, regulation of public worship and the resurrection. Key Verse: 19

“Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, 20 for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.” 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (ESV)

1 Corinthians #20: A Case for Sexual Purity I should flee from sexual immorality because…  it is harmful to me. 12

“All things are lawful for me,” but not all things are helpful. 1 Corinthians 6:12a (ESV)

 it enslaves me. “All things are lawful for me,” but I will not be dominated by anything. 1 Corinthians 6:12b (ESV)  I am not a highly evolved animal. I am an image-bearer of God. 13

“Food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food”—and God will destroy both one and the other. The body is not meant for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. 14 And God raised the Lord and will also raise us up by his power. 1 Corinthians 6:13-14 (ESV)  what I do does not just affect me. 15

Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? Never! 16 Or do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? 1 Corinthians 6:15-16b (ESV)  it causes deeper damage than other sin on who I am. For, as it is written, “The two will become one flesh.” 17 But he who is joined to the Lord becomes one spirit with him. 18 Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body. 1 Corinthians 6:16c-18 (ESV)  it perverts God’s purpose for my body. 19

Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, 20 for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body. 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (ESV)