[PDF]1 Corinthians - Rackcdn.comef45bc822a223da654fa-108f9156cf6dcc52ceb5f26b05557227.r11.cf2.rackcdn.com/...
1 Corinthians Author: Paul Date: 56 AD Paul wrote this epistle from Ephesus on his 3rd missionary journey after receiving news of problems in Corinth. Destination: Corinth The church in Corinth was established by Paul on his second missionary journey 50-51 AD (see Acts 18). At that time Corinth was the capital of the Roman Province of Achaia (Southern Greece). It was a key port city of about 700,000 people. Corinth became synonymous with moral corruption. It was the home of the Temple of Aphrodite where 1,000 prostitutes practiced their trade in the name of religion. The city became notorious throughout the Roman World. Paul stayed in Corinth for about 18 months, living in the home of Aquila and Priscilla, while preaching and practicing his trade of tentmaking. Theme: Correcting Carnal Christians This epistle was written to correct carnal Christians. Paul confronts factions, immorality, lawsuits, and abuse of the Lord’s Supper. He also answers questions raised by the Corinthians about marriage, food offered to idols, regulation of public worship and the resurrection. Key Verse: 19
“Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, 20 for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.” 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (ESV)
Love is… #3 4
Love is patient and kind; love does not envy… 1 Corinthians 13:4a (ESV)
zeloo (envy) – it means to be fervent, to boil with envy, to be jealous 2 forms of envy: I want what someone else has. I wish they didn’t have what they have. 14
But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and be false to the truth. 15 This is not the wisdom that comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, demonic. 16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every vile practice. James 3:14-16 (ESV)
How not to be envious? 1
“For the kingdom of heaven is like a master of a house who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2 After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the marketplace, 4 and to them he said, ‘You go into the vineyard too, and whatever is right I will give you.’ 5 So they went. Going out again about the sixth hour and the ninth hour, he did the same. 6 And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing. And he said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’ 7 They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You go into the vineyard too.’ 8 And when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last, up to the first.’ 9 And when those hired about the eleventh hour came, each of them received a denarius. 10 Now when those hired first came, they thought they would receive more, but each of them also received a denarius. 11 And on receiving it they grumbled at the master of the house, 12 saying, ‘These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’ 13 But he replied to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take what belongs to you and go. I choose to give to this last worker as I give to you. 15 Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’ 16 So the last will be first, and the first last.” Matthew 20:1-16 (ESV)
Focus on what I do have, not on what I don’t. Don’t compare myself to others. Rejoice when others are blessed. Trust in the goodness of God.