Columbia


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IN Columbia, SC

WHAT IS FDI?

1991

2011

These profiles analyze how the characteristics of foreign-owned establishments (FOEs) and the jobs within them vary across U.S. states and metro areas.

SHARE OF JOBS IN FOEs

COLUMBIA

1991

By jobs in FOEs & establishments in 2011

2001

TOP FIVE INDUSTRIES

By jobs in FOEs (pct of total FOE jobs) in 2011

13

GROCERY STORES 2,000 (13.7%)

84

MOTOR VEHICLE PARTS 1,100 (8%)

WAREHOUSING & STORAGE 900 (6.3%)

MANUFACTURING TRANSPORTATION BUSINESS SUPPORT

RETAIL WHOLESALE REST

1,600

FDI also facilitates the spread of new knowledge, technologies, and ideas--flows critical to innovation and competitiveness in the global economy. But the magnitude and nature of FDI differ from place to place.

1%

600

Corporate R&D Goods Exports

US

0%

1,000

20.3%

Capital Investment

ESTABLISHMENTS

18.9%

Productivity Growth

JOBS IN FOEs

15.2%

2%

DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHMENTS & JOBS ACROSS SECTORS

INDUSTRY

12.0%

4%

RANK: 26

1,000

Compensation

5%

3%

50

6.7%

6%

RANK: 35

2,600

Value Added

Share has increased and ranks above the U.S.

7%

RANK: 57

8

6.3%

79

Employment

RANK: 63

5.3% 5.0%

7,500

5.0%

14,320 10,680

SHARE OF TOTAL PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT IN FOEs

SHARE OF TOTAL PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT IN FOEs

2011

FDI matters because the U.S. operations of foreign firms contribute inordinately to the economy. While acounting for only 5 percent of private sector employment, FDI accounts for:

1991

WHY DOES FDI MATTER?

JOBS IN FOREIGN-OWNED ESTABLISHMENTS (FOEs)

OVERALL TREND

FDI occurs when a foreign company invests in a U.S. business enterprise either by opening a new operation or through a merger or acquisition. The foreign company must hold a majority stake in the U.S. operation for it to be considered "foreignowned."

A JOINT PROJECT OF BROOKINGS AND JPMORGAN CHASE

60

FDI

VALVES, BEARINGS, & PIPES 800 (5.6%)

GENERAL PURPOSE MACHINERY 600 (4.1%)

NUMBER OF JOBS IN FOEs OPENING

2011

SHARE OF JOBS IN FOEs BY MODE OF ENTRY

NUMBER OF JOBS IN FOEs OPENING AFTER OR ACQUIRED SINCE 1991

FOEs that existed prior to 1991 accounted for the largest share of jobs in 2011

10

COLUMBIA

By 2011 M&A accounted for 4,700 jobs in FOEs while openings accounted for 4,400 OPENINGS M&A

8

36%

7

US

31% 32%

42%

THOUSANDS

MODE OF ENTRY

9

33%

6 5

NOTES

4 3

26% M&A SINCE 1991

OPENINGS SINCE 1991

2 1 PRE-1991

1991

TOP FIVE SOURCE CITY-REGIONS

By jobs in FOEs (pct of total FOE jobs) in 2011 PARIS, FRANCE 1,800 (12.4%)

GLOBAL SOURCE

TERMINOLOGY FDI: Foreign-direct investment Foreign-Owned Establishments (FOEs): Single places of business belonging to a foreign-parent company; e.g. a factory, warehouse, store, or office Openings: New physical place of business, includes new construction (greenfield) and new occupancy of existing space M&As: Mergers and acquisitions City-Region: Subnational administrative division such as a state, province, or prefecture, titled by its largest metro

2001

TOP FIVE SOURCE COUNTRIES

By jobs in FOEs (pct of total FOE jobs) in 2011 BELGIUM 2,000 (13.7%)

2011

● Metro profiles rank the largest 100 metropolitan areas by population ● State profiles rank across all states plus the District of Columbia ● All changes in reported jobs in foreignowned establishments include both net jobs created or lost plus transfers of existing jobs from US to foreign-ownership through M&As, thus it is possible for the number of jobs under foreign-ownership to increase without net job creation taking place ● The mode of entry of all establishments that arrived prior to 1991 is unknown, which is the first year in the database ● Methodological details of this database are described in an accompanying appendix available on the report website ● Data source: Brookings analysis of the National Establishment Time Series, Bureau of Economic Analysis Financial & Operating statistics, Dun & Bradstreet, and Moody's Analytics data

BRUSSELS, BELGIUM 1,500 (10.3%)

FRANCE 1,800 (12.5%)

TOKYO, JAPAN 1,000 (7%)

JAPAN 1,600 (11.4%)

DUBLIN, IRELAND 900 (6.6%)

GERMANY 1,000 (7%)

MORE INFORMATION REPORT: “FDI in U.S. Metro Areas: The Geography of Jobs in Foreign-Owned Establishments”

ROAD TOWN, VIRGIN ISLANDS 900 (6.5%)

IRELAND 900 (6.6%)

WEB: BROOKINGS.EDU/METROFDI TWITTER: #METROFDI