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JEWISH HERALD-VOICE

JHV

GREATER HOUSTON’S JEWISH NEWS MEDIA SINCE 1908

February 8, 2018 110th Anniversary Passover Edition 23 Shevat 5778 Volume CXMarch 31, Number 49 Volume CXI • Houston, TX $2 Per Copy jhvonline.com

2018 • 15 Nisan 5778 Number 1 • $5 per copy

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

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WHAT'S INSIDE 4

7

Editorial: Passover Offers Opportunity to Connect Youth with Israel

11

10 Tips and Meditations for a Post-Harvey Passover By Rabbi Chaim Lazaroff

11 Random Harvey Heroics and Acts of Loving-Kindness By Alice Adams

17 This Navy Commander Organized a Seder on an Aircraft Carrier - Now she’s running for Congress By Ron Kampeas

21 Weekday Torah Study and Meal Nourish Body and Soul By Aaron Howard 25 By the Book: A Passover Tale

The Chelm Origin of the Maxwell House Haggadah

35

By Mark Binder

28 Latinx Seders Highlight Family History, Blended Flavors By Michael C. Duke

31 The Youngest Schindler’s List Survivor Still Tells Her Story By Ben Sales

33 Israel’s Vexing Question of ‘Strangers’ This Passover By Teddy Weinberger

35 10 Diverse Foods That Say Passover Courtesy of Chabad.org

39 Travel the World Without Ever Leaving Your Seder Table From Royal Wine Company

43 Do You Remember? A look through the pages of the Jewish Herald-Voice 42 years ago

ON TH E COV ER 28

JEWISH HERALD-VOICE

JHV

25

February 8, 2018 110th Anniversary Passover Edition 23 Shevat 5778 Volume CXMarch 31, Number 49 Volume CXI •

2018 • 15 Nisan 5778 Number 1 • $5 per copy

Houston, TX $2 Per Copy jhvonline.com

GREATER HOUSTON’S JEWISH NEWS MEDIA SINCE 1908

49 How to Prepare Your Seder Plate Items Quickly and Easily By Miriam Szokovski

52 Personal Greetings 54 Everything Jewish Directory 56 Index to Advertisers Page 2

Photos by JHV: MICHAEL C. DUKE MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

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JEWISH HERALD-VOICE

JHV

Passover offers opportunity

February 8, 2018 23 Shevat 5778 Volume CX Number 49 Houston, TX $2 Per Copy

to connect youth with Israel

jhvonline.com

GREATER HOUSTON’S JEWISH NEWS MEDIA SINCE 1908

ISSN 0021-6488

USPS 0275-360

Volume CXI – Number 1 FOUNDING PUBLISHERS Edgar Goldberg 1908-1937 David H. White and Ida S. White 1938-1973 Joseph W. Samuels 1973-2011 PRESIDENT & CEO Vicki Samuels Levy EDITOR and PUBLISHER Jeanne F. Samuels Associate editor | Michael C. Duke Multimedia manager | Matt Samuels Editorial research | Arnold Rosenzweig Staff writer | Aaron Howard Editorial team | Lawrence S Levy Food editor | Theodore Powers Sports editor | Matt Samuels COLUMNISTS Alice Adams • Brady Brazda Felice and Michael Friedson Ed Reitman, Ph.D. • Yael Trusch Teddy Weinberger PRODUCTION Production director | Aaron D. Poscovsky Magazine designer | Matt Samuels Graphics | Mary Jane Johnston Proofreader| Jode Hestand SUBSCRIPTION/DISTRIBUTION Lawrence S Levy ADVERTISING SALES Advertising Manager | Phillip Eaton Ad account executive | Lew Sampson Classified/Singles | Joseph Macias Director of first impressions | Sharon Stoper Livitz Accounts receivable | Huong Tonnu Bookkeeper | Mary Ainsworth Payroll | Maurene Bencal Mailing address: P.O. Box 153 • Houston, TX 77001-0153 News: [email protected] Subscriptions: [email protected] Advertising: [email protected]

BY MICHAEL C. DUKE | JHV

I

’m 40 years old and, thank G-d, have never lived in a world without the State of Israel.

Born more than a decade after the 1967 Six-Day War, I’ve never known an Israel that wasn’t the Middle East’s most capable military force. My parents, however, do have memories of when the Jewish state faced existential threats posed by invading Arab armies to Israel’s south, north, east and from within. My grandparents’ generation, meanwhile, remembers what the world was like for Jews, around the globe, before there was a modern State of Israel. For far too many Jews living back then, the situation was grim, to say the least, as later events would reveal. Israel celebrates its 70th anniversary this May. Whereas my grandparents’ generation and my parents’ generation both are said to feel strong, positive connections with the Jewish homeland, those connections appear to be less omnipresent among my generation, and even less so among younger Jews growing up today, according to reports. If those allegations are true, there could be a logical explanation. In simple terms, Judaism urges compassion for the weak. But, Israel is strong. Moreover, Israel represents the notion of “we,” whereas today’s generation is focused heavily on “me.” There’s a religious dimension, too. According to national surveys, the more religious you are, the more likely you’ll be to feel a stronger connection to Israel. Conversely, the more secular feel less connected. Secularism, and its various offshoots, are on the rise across the West, including in the United States, according to reports. Whether or not one accepts these explanations, it’s an immutable fact that young Jews, today, are physically farther away, in terms of time, from the historical events that brought the State of Israel into being and from subsequent events that led to Israel’s current image as a strong nation. Being farther away in time puts today’s generation of Jewish youth at a disadvantage, because it requires them, as non-witnesses, to work harder to know Israel and its history in totality. As I’ve learned through my own experience, the more you know about Israel – not just current events, but its history, as well – the more you can and will personally connect with the Jewish homeland. There’s an obvious solution, then, to the disconnect that many see between young American Jews, today, and Israel. That is, teach them more about Israel. And, do so in an objective and nonpartisan way, so that the facts of Israel’s history speak for themselves, and the case for having a strong connection to Israel stands on its own merits. Pesach is an ideal time of year to begin this educational process. The custom of Seder was created to help teach Jewish history to the next generation of Jews. As the Passover Haggadah reveals, the Jewish people became who they are precisely because of their connection to the Land of Israel. Jewish youth, today, are growing up in a world where, thank G-d, Israel is strong. This strength is the byproduct, in large part, of the close relationship that Israel has with the United States. This relationship, though, must not be taken for granted. If it is, Israel obviously will suffer – and so will the United States. Israel’s strength, indeed, benefits the United States in every facet of life, from medical breakthroughs, to digital technologies, to cyber security, to food and water conservation, to improved transportation, to job creation, to disaster assistance and much, much more. The truth is, nobody can live in a modern world without Israel. The more you’re connected with Israel, the better your life will be. ✡ Chag Sameach!

Telephone: 713-630-0391 • Fax: 713-630-0404 jhvonline.com jhvonline.com/e-edition Facebook.com/JewishHeraldVoice Twitter: @jhvonline Located at 3403 Audley St.• Houston, TX 77098-1923

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Published weekly – Plus Wedding, Passover, Voices in Houston, Rosh Hashanah and Bar/Bat Mitzvah editions – by Herald Publishing Co., 3403 Audley St., Houston, TX 77098. ©2018, with all rights reserved. Reproduction or use without permission of editorial or graphic content in any manner is prohibited. Periodicals Postage Paid at Houston, Texas. Subscription rates: USA $180 for 3 years; $125 for 2 years; $65 per year; 9 months for $55. Foreign subscriptions upcharged with international first-class postage. Single newspaper copies by mail: PREPAID $4. Back Issues: PREPAID $6. Passover issue: $7. Postmaster: Send address changes to: Jewish Herald-Voice, PO Box 153, Houston TX 77001-0153. MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

10 Tips and Meditations

Post-Harvey for a Passover By RABBI CHAIM LAZAROFF

M



any waters cannot quench the love, nor can rivers flood it,” writes King Solomon (Song of Songs, 7:7). On Passover we remember how G-d visited 10 plagues on the Egyptians and saved our ancestors from slavery, including a miraculous trip through raging waters. Our community has seen its fair share of plagues, courtesy of Harvey, and many are still waiting for G-d to help them through the waters that engulfed their homes this past fall. During the Seder, we read from Talmud Pesachim, how in every generation, every Jew is to envision oneself leaving Egypt. Having experienced tragedy on so many levels, the notion of suffering and redemption is all that much more real for all of us. The Passover rituals are not mere actions, to be mechanically performed by rote. Rather, they are keys to the soul, helping us touch the untouchable and imagine the unimaginable. As we prepare for Passover, and commemorate the 10 plagues, I’ve collected 10 tips and meditations for a more meaningful Seder in a postHarvey Houston.

1) “Wheat Since Talmudic times, and perhaps earlier, Jews have been collecting money before Passover, to ensure that everyone has what they need to celebrate the Holiday of Freedom in princely style. In ancient times, these funds would help families procure flour with which to bake their own matzah. That’s why they are generally known by the two Hebrew/Aramaic names of maot chitim (wheat money) or kimcha DePischa (Passover flour). This year, the need in our community is more acute than ever before. Please give your maot chitim contribution through your local shul, where your rabbi is sure to know who can use help making ends meet. Contributions also may be made to Chabad’s Maos Chitim Fund, chabadhouston.com/ donate, and Jewish Family Service’s Passover Assistance Fund, jfshouston.org/giveonline. php?dc=13. For more on this custom, see Jerusalem Talmud, Bava Batra, 1:4 and Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Orach Chaim 429:5.

2) SeLL OFF Every year before Passover, we appoint the rabbi to sell our chametz to a non-Jew, so that we experience a chametz-free Passover. This year, as we lock up our chametz and make arrangements for its sale, we are thankful for

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

the possessions we have, either salvaged from Harvey’s waters or recently purchased. Useful tip: When listing locations where you may own chametz, be sure to include storage lockers if your stuff is still not all back at home where it belongs. You may sell chametz with Rabbi Shimon Lazaroff at chabadhouston.com/ chametz. Page 7

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

3) Invite lots of guests Right at the beginning of the Seder, we read the hay lachma anya, in which we invite anyone in need to join us at the Seder table. Problem is that by the time the passage is read, it’s a bit late in the game. Now is the time to send out those invites, making sure that every Jew has a spot at a Seder table. The Haggadah has Four Sons, and the Lubavitcher Rebbe taught us (in a letter dated 11th of Nissan, 5717 – April 12, 1957) not to forget about the fifth son, who is absent from the table – because every single Jew deserves to have a spot at the Seder.

4) Check ALL OVER On the night before Passover, we check our homes for chametz, joining together all strata of existence, as taught in Kabbalah and Chassidut: mineral, organic, animal and human. You are a human, using the feather (from a bird), wooden spoon (from a tree), candle (from the inanimate). This year, as so many of our lives, homes and places of business have been plunged into chaos, make sure to search everywhere that you may have brought chametz food, as we work together to perfect the world. For more on the Kabbalistic elements, see Tanya Likkutei Amarim 38, elaborated in Iggeret Hakodesh Epistle 20.

5) Handmade is best As Houston struggled to get back on its feet after Harvey, we all experienced the power of a helping hand, of the presence of friends, neighbors and even strangers joining together to muck out, tear out and dry out. Beyond the actual help received, the fact that we banded together in a time of need was so very powerful, sending a strong message that we all are human, equally valuable before G-d and worthy of each other’s time, effort and muscle. This year, as you purchase matzah for the Seder, go for the “old-shul” handmade variety (chabadhouston.com/ordermatzah), the stuff that was made by actual human beings, who kneaded, rolled and baked it with the intention that it be used at the Seder. Sure the machinemade stuff can work in a pinch, but as Harvey taught us, there is nothing like the human touch. For further study, see responsa of Avnei Neizer 536-537.

6) Don’t Flood yourself Water is a good thing. Rain is a blessing. But, we have learned that too much, too fast can be detrimental. Same goes for Seder wine

(or grape juice). Preferably, wine should be used. Halachic authorities have permitted the use of grape juice for those that wine is difficult for them to drink, especially children. If grape juice is necessary, it is best is to mix in a little bit of wine. For more on this, see Ketzos Hashulchan 80:1. Get cups that are too big, and you’ll find yourself struggling with the last two cups. As you prepare to drink four cups of wine, don’t down giant goblets of wine so that you are too full to drink all four. Instead, get yourself glasses that can hold 3 ounces, fill them to the brim and drink down the entire shot at each right time of the Haggadah. Four cups should not be drunk consecutively, but dispersed throughout the Haggadah (Shulchan Aruch, 472:8).

7) It’s OK to cry Ever since I have been a young boy, I have had the dubious privilege of grating the horseradish for the Seder. You can wear goggles, put a carrot in your mouth or try any other published or unpublished bubby-trick. The fact is, if the horseradish is fresh, you are going to cry. And, that’s just fine. As we look back at how much so many lost this year, it’s OK to shed tears. The marror teaches us to confront our pain, look it in the eye, shed tears, and learn to look past it, dust off and keep on running into the future. Tip: If you want your horseradish to stay sharp, make sure to keep it in a sealed Ziploc bag or Tupperware container after you grate it.

8) Verbalize gratitude At the Seder, we retell the story of our nation’s survival. We all know the story, but we still tell it again every year as we recite in the Haggadah, “Even if we are all wise and learned, it is still a mitzvah upon us to retell the Exodus from Egypt.” Look back at this past year and see how many blessings have visited you. It may be that your house survived unscathed, or it may be the wonderful people who came forward to help you in your time of need. Whatever you have to be grateful for – and, I am sure there is something – discuss it at the Seder and express your gratitude to G-d and His human angels.

9) Appreciate (and feed) your loved ones In our family, my father, Rabbi Shimon Lazaroff, makes it a point to make Texas-sized Pesach latkes (called “Zaydie Latkes”) for the many children and grandchildren visiting for Passover, giving them each a piece of ingestible love. As you sit around the Seder table or as you

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Lazaroff family recipe for Texas-sized Pesach latkes 1 1 1 1

giant potato (peeled and grated) egg Tbsp. fine-chopped or grated onion fine-chopped or grated jalapeño pepper Salt to taste Kosher for Passover oil or chicken schmaltz for frying

Combine all ingredients, shredding in as much jalapeño as your loved ones can handle. Heat oil or shmaltz in pan until sizzling, and fill entire pan with batter, frying covered on a low flame until browned. Flip, cover and finish frying. Leave on for longer for a crispier taste. Note: There is a custom on Pesach to eat only fruits and vegetables that can be peeled (Chayei Adam 127:2).

feast together throughout Passover, make sure to extend extra attention to those nearest and dearest to you.

10) Feast forward As we work hard to get back on our feet, it’s crucial to keep our eyes on the goal, remaining cognizant of the normalcy that will return to our lives. It may take a month, a year or even two years, but it will happen! On the last day of Passover, we read about the redemption yet to come, with the arrival of Moshiach. There is a Hasidic tradition dating back to the Baal Shem Tov to commemorate this with a special meal, held in the waning hours of this holiday. In Chabad tradition, we take it a step further, eating matzah and drinking four cups of wine. Only this time, we are not looking back to something that has happened, but looking forward to something we hope and pray will happen very soon. This year, celebrate the Moshaich’s meal and place your hope in a brighter, better tomorrow. For more about this meal, see Nitei Gavriel, Passover III, page 127, and Hayom Yom, Nissan 22. Next year (or even this year) in Jerusalem! Rabbi Chaim Lazaroff, a Torah Day School of Houston alumnus, is the director of Chabad of Uptown and program director for Chabad Lubavitch of Texas. Find more readings, how-to guides, recipes and more, including a listing of thousands of public Seders in Houston and around the world at chabadhouston.com/pesach. A list of open-to-thepublic Houston-area Seders also are published in the Jewish Herald-Voice.  Page 9

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Random Harvey Heroics and Acts of Loving-Kindness By ALICE ADAMS | JHV

M

ore than a half-century ago, you might be asked, “Where were you when the president was shot?” The answer you’d give may include not only the exact location, but also the time and even what you were wearing that day. The same could be said for when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was shot.

Others, still, may vividly remember details from the day Elvis died. These historic moments leave indelible memories etched in our brains. *** Where were you when Hurricane Harvey hit? Adam Brackman was at home, checking on his friends and family. “My area didn’t flood much,” said the 42-year-old entrepreneur, “but the other side of the bayou, around my girlfriend’s neighborhood, it had flooded.” In an effort to reach her, Adam was able to get as far as the 610 Loop and Braeswood, before the freeway turned into an expansive lake. “I tried to get the police boats to take me to the other side of the bayou, but they were too busy, so I began coordinating the people the police had rescued and were dropping off. “One of my friends, Mark Austin, owns a 15-passenger van, so I called and asked him to bring his van so he could take people to shelters or wherever they had to go,” recalled Adam, owner of Axelrad Beer Gardens. (The beer garden is located on Alabama Street, in the old Axelrad store built by Gertrude and David Axelrad 100 years ago.) “Mark stayed and shuttled evacuees to safety for two days.” Adam also approached Gabriel, a civilian who had brought his 14-foot Jon boat to help with rescues. All the while, Adam was posting on Facebook for the addresses of people who needed help getting out of their flooded homes. “I gave some of the addresses to the police and then asked an officer if Gabriel and I could help,” Adam told the JHV. “The officer didn’t tell us not to go, but he advised against it. After a few moments, we took our addresses and headed out, first to rescue my girlfriend, which had been my intention for even being there – which was before I saw how many people needed help.” When Adam and Gabriel realized they couldn’t navigate to the other side of the bayou, they began rescuing people who had Facebooked Adam for help. By 6 p.m. Sunday night, Aug. 27, the duo had rescued 20 or more people – indi-

ADAM BRACKMAN

610 Loop at Braeswood Boulevard exit was impassable, except by boat, after Brays Bayou crested on Aug. 27.

viduals, families with children, elderly people (some with Alzheimer’s) – and had arranged for their transportation to safety. “When Gabriel said it was getting too dark to go back out, my heart sank because I had many more calls for help by that time. So, I said goodbye to Gabriel and found a man with a larger boat and headed for an apartment complex with a flooded first floor. “The good news was that, by the end of the evening, my girlfriend and her child were rescued by a military convoy and taken to safety,” he said.

The need grows Rescuing those in need was only the beginning. Away from home, these grateful survivors also had to be fed. Adam, the resourceful entrepreneur, is also a part owner of an old church with a commercial kitchen, which is often leased as a commissary. He notified friends who are chefs – some texted or posted on social media, “I have food”; others responded, “I need food.” Ultimately, up to 20,000 meals were served each day. “It was so inspiring, witnessing so many people stepping up to help any way they could – like my sister Lauren, for example.”

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Courtesy of Lauren Brackman Berger

From her living room, Lauren Brackman Berger directed thousands of meals and supply donations and deliveries, including securing a helicopter.

Page 11

A former social worker and now full-time mom, Lauren Brackman Berger also experienced the wrath of Harvey – in her home which was being remodeled. However, at the time, she was living in a rental house, safe from floodwaters. “My brother was texting me while he was in his boat rescuing, I don’t know how many who were driven from their homes by rising waters,” she told the JHV, “and, I was trying to figure out how I could help, too.” A member of Congregation Emanu El, Lauren had lived in Houston all her life and was looking forward to celebrating her 40th birthday. “Then, I got a phone call from a friend, a physician at one of the hospitals in the Texas Medical Center, saying the hospital’s kitchen facilities were not usable and they needed food,” she said. “I’m a member of several neighborhood Facebook groups, so I posted that I was collecting food for TMC. The next thing I knew, people were cleaning out their pantries, donating food – so many, in fact, I had to post that I needed drivers to help collect and deliver all the donations,” she said. No sooner had she begun collecting food donations than her phone rang again, this time from another friend, reporting she had heard about an entire apartment complex without food. “As word spread, I began receiving more texts and calls from people in need and people

From harveyhug.com The Harvey Hug is our way of encouraging and supporting you through this experience. You are not alone, and there are free local resources available to you. Please take care of yourself so you can take care of your families.  • Learn to meditate. • Find a free counselor or support group for everyone in the family. • Take care of your health and nutrition. • Get the latest parenting advice for post-Harvey issues. • Read your kids an empowering book. • Catch up on some good articles about processing the flood.  We are sending you love with our hug ... the Harvey Hug. We hope you enjoy it, and we would love to hear from you.  A special thanks to our local experts for collaborating with us on this project: Randi Rubenstein, Ali Katz, Ali Miller, Ashley Roseman Xo Lauren Brackman Berger and Caren Hayden

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Courtesy of Adam Brackman

Among Adam Brackman’s boat rescues were Doug Freedman, wife Esther Steinfeld Freedman and their two children.

ready to respond with whatever was needed. And, if we didn’t have the needed items, like diapers, baby formula, cleaning tools, etc., we’d organize drives and then find volunteer drivers to collect whatever people needed to survive,” Lauren explained. The result was harveyhug.com, a hub for supplies, food and more. “I found out about a wonderful group of restaurants and chefs with refrigerators full of food they wouldn’t need because of the flood. They had heard about the Medical Center, wanted to donate their time cooking and wanted to use the food they had on hand before it spoiled. Before I knew it, we were delivering hundreds and then thousands of meals, not only to TMC, but also to first-responders and then shelters that were housing hundreds of nowhomeless families,” she said. “Without time to even work out a strategy, I became an unofficial clearing house, receiving calls for help of all kinds, posting those needs, coordinating drivers to collect items (my garage became a temporary warehouse) and then finding drivers to deliver the needed goods all over the city,” said the always-busy mother of two. One call was from first-responders who had been working around the clock. “They needed clean underwear and supplies for showers, so we had an underwear drive and another for body wash.” There were other drives, too, as Lauren, friends, neighbors and strangers who had seen her posts sought to help the flood’s victims. Her pop-up flood-supply operation also began hearing from people – many outside Houston – who wanted to donate money. “We set up a fund and then recruited shoppers

to take the money to buy air mattresses, towels – whatever was needed,” Lauren said. “They’d take the money and go to Target, Costco, Sam’s – whatever was open for business and buy supplies, mainly household goods and items for infants.” With a nanny to help with her children, Lauren’s days began around 7 a.m. and often ended about 2 a.m., during the week after the flood. “When there are people in need, you just cannot leave them hanging, even for a few hours,” she explained. “The week after the flood, sleep was an afterthought.” Lauren even recruited friends to come and manage her Facebook pages so she could connect donors and their donations with the areas of Houston experiencing the most need – taking up the slack for traditional responders, such as the Red Cross, Salvation Army, etc. Sleep came at a premium for her brother, Adam, too. “I got absolutely no sleep for four days and then that Wednesday, I was on the passenger’s side and just fell asleep where I sat,” he remembered. “Part of the reason for my inability to sleep might have been the adrenalin rush from the crisis, but another part was knowing how many people were stranded, had lost everything and were totally relying on strangers to help.”

Remembering the rescues After the first afternoon of rescues, Adam returned home, eager to go through his texts. “That first day, I was getting about one message per minute. So, I sorted them out and got ready for day 2,” he explained. By the next morning, the water had gone down. Three of Adam’s friends also had worked on a database, grouping those needing rescue into geographic sectors, making reaching the flood

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victims more efficient. “I kept getting this message on day 1 – a woman with her elderly mother, three cats and four dogs, who had escaped the rising water by fleeing into their attic. ‘Bring an axe,’ she concluded.” Adam had to park two blocks away and waded in waist-deep water into the house. “I hollered, hoping I wasn’t too late, but luckily the woman – Cindy – and her 80-yearold mother, who had cancer and dementia, had made it through the night with their pets. “While my friend, Gino, and I were figuring out how to get the women down safely, we were getting the dogs and cats down and loading them into the borrowed kayaks we had. Luckily, the fire department arrived and were able to rescue the women from the attic and the older woman into an ambulance that had been forced to stop down the street. “Her daughter was conflicted and afraid to go to a shelter because she would be separated from her animals, and nothing we could say would change her mind, even though there was 6 feet of water still in her house. “We got home about 10 p.m. and, being a night owl, I was going through my phone and calling people when the phone rang,” Adam recalled. “It was Cindy, saying the water had begun rising, so we went over, packed up her, her four dogs and three cats in the borrowed kayak and got them all to safety.

“The next day, the first to be rescued was a blind man with Alzheimer’s. His family was anxious, thinking he might die in his flooded home, but we got him out and, to my knowledge, he was doing OK. For four days, Adam and his friends worked to get people to safety. The Cajun Navy came with boats and reinforcements from Louisiana, and Adam used another building to provide shelter for them.

More cries for help “My motto from this experience?” said Lauren, “Never underestimate the power of a mom with a cell phone!” Lauren’s garage was filled and emptied numerous times, housing supplies dropped off by donors, delivered by rescue groups, congregations and churches and those supplies purchased by Lauren’s band of volunteers. “The cries for help were endless,” said Lauren. It was her intention not to make volunteering and making contributions short-lived, as is often the case after a death or holiday. “We see … generosity, which is over-the-top in the days before and after the event and then, two months later, non-existent, because the needs had been forgotten,” she said.

the sky is the limit People in need continued to find Lauren’s Facebook distribution hub, and when flood-

ing hit neighboring Beaumont, this resourceful mom found a helicopter to deliver supplies to areas totally flooded in that area. Not only was she able to fill the immediate needs of the flood victims, but Lauren was able to look ahead. “Getting kids involved was important to me – and there were thousands of teachable moments,” she said. “On one occasion, our shoppers rounded up donations and bought loads of school supplies,” she remembered. “Then, we organized about 20 kids at the neighbor center, and they spent several hours, loading backpacks of supplies so the kids in shelters could get back to school. It was an exciting project, and I was glad to see the kids participating with the adults.”

nurturing parents Adam and Lauren credit their parents for teaching them the importance of giving back, of helping wherever they were needed. “Our dad, Robert Brackman, died in 2005, but during Hurricane Rita, when so many people evacuated, the freeways were bumper-tobumper, we stayed home. But, Dad saw the freeway jams, went out and bought bottled water and began handing it out to the stranded motorists,” Adam remembered. “The police came, accusing him of selling the water, but when Dad explained he was giving the water away, the police put him in charge of their own water distribution effort,”

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said Adam. “And, when the Boy Scouts were selling chickens, Dad would buy up their unsold overage, cook them and then we’d take them to people who were hungry. “During Hurricane Katrina, there were many jazz musicians – refugees – who came to Houston,” Adam explained. “My dad set up foundations for them, and after they were settled, the group put on a Second Line, a jazz parade, in the Astrodome. “I remember people crying, saying they didn’t think they’d ever see that spectacle again,” said Adam. It was powerful, remembered the Brackman siblings. “Then, when our father died,” continued Adam, “the musicians again performed a Second Line in his honor, this time in Emanu El.” Both Lauren and Adam said they, rather than those they helped, were rewarded. “It’s our responsibility to show up,” Adam said, “and as we were taught as a Jewish family, if you help one person, you’re helping the world.” Their experiences in the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey were not only memorable. They were life-changing – from the people they had helped and then went back to, offering money for them to start their recovery, and being turned down by the victims who said, “There’s someone who needs it more than us. We’ll be OK.”

Courtesy of Adam Brackman

Lauren Brackman Berger and older brother Adam Brackman attribute their quest for tikkun olam to their remarkable parents.

“It’s within our human nature to help,” the brother and sister agreed. “Our experience was humbling. And, we credit Diana, our mom, and our dad for teaching us Jewish values, as well as the importance of giving back. That’s their

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

legacy and now it’s our turn to pass it to the next generation.” Lauren’s and Adam’s sense of tikkum olam goes far beyond these Harvey tales. But, we’ll save those stories for another day. 

Page 15

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This Navy Commander Organized a Seder on an Aircraft Carrier Now she’s running for Congress

Elaine Luria

By Ron Kampeas | JTA

N

ORFOLK, Va. – The Norfolk Democratic Party Committee was meeting on a Saturday, and Piccadilly, a breakfast joint propped along a highway in this scrubbed-clean hardscrabble town perched on the Chesapeake Bay, was loud with the clatter of dishes, cutlery and politics.

Until, that is, Elaine Luria was asked to take the podium and deliver a three-minute pitch for her candidacy for Congress. “Good morning!” she said, in the clipped, brisk tone of the U.S. Navy commander she was until June 2017. Luria took 4½ minutes – not that anyone objected – and she used it to lay out a plan. “I’m going to tell you what we have to do to take this district back in 2018,” she said. Without notes, she rattled off the margins by which Democrats won almost every election in the district since 2010 – except for the ones for the U.S. House of Representatives. “Last year, who won this district? Ralph Northam by 4 points.” Northam is the incumbent Democratic governor. “So, there’s no reason that it has been a decade since we have elected a Democrat to the House of Representatives from the 2nd Congressional District. So, how do we make that happen? What do I need from you?” The 3-point plan: Sign her petition to get on the ballot, contribute, volunteer. “That last 1-2 percent of the vote to win the district is you,” she said. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee sees Virginia’s 2nd District as swing territory in an election year in which the party hopes to regain the House. There are four oth-

Courtesy of the Luria campaign

Elaine Luria inside the Mermaid Factory, where kids can make and decorate their own toy mermaids.

ers in the room vying for the Democratic nomination to unseat Scott Taylor, the Republican incumbent, all Virginians who speak in the soft drawl that proliferates once you’re south of the cluster of Washington, suburbs known as NoVa – northern Virginia. They have personal stories, some affecting. “I’m Karen Mallard, I’m a coal miner’s daughter from Coburn, Va., who grew up in a working-class family,” one said – and she’s not the only child of a coal miner running. But Luria, 42, is the only candidate who came with a plan – and who fulfilled part of it at the committee meeting. There were maybe 120 people present. Midway through the brunch, she had 60 of their signatures on her petition forms. Ruth Schepper, a fellow congregant at Temple Ohev Sholom, was present. Even though she can’t vote in the 2nd – she lives in the 3rd

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

District – she will volunteer for Luria. “She has enormous ability,” Schepper, who is retired from teaching accounting at Hampton University, a historically black institution, said of Luria. “She was in the service for years. She’s a wife and mom. It’s always nice to have another woman.” Even her rivals seem ready to clear the field. “She’s a lovely person,” Mallard said. “If she wins, I will volunteer for her.” In a town with the largest Navy base in the world, Luria is quick to tout her military career. (Taylor, her potential foe in November, is a retired Navy SEAL). “Our current representative frequently likes to say that his job as a leader is to find clarity in this chaos,” she said. “I can tell you that after 20 years in uniform, and leading thousands of sailors during my career, my job as a leader was never to find Page 17

clarity in chaos – it was to prevent the chaos in the first place. And, that’s why I’m running for Congress. I served 20 years in the Navy, I deployed six times in the Middle East and western Pacific. I stood watch, operating nuclear reactors on aircraft carriers while we were simultaneously launching strikes in Iraq and Afghanistan.” She doesn’t mention, not here anyway, that she used to take time out from monitoring the nuclear reactors aboard the aircraft carriers to organize Passover Seders. Speaking to a JTA reporter later at the Mermaid Factory (really) that she owns and runs, she explained the Seders – like she explains much else – in terms of the leadership skills she acquired at the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Md., decades ago. Graduating from the Academy, she volunteered as a lay leader for Jewish services during her Navy service. “Before people go out into the fleet, they try to make sure everybody’s comfortable being a lay leader in some capacity, because you’ll very likely find yourself on a deployment,” she said. “Where you have other Jewish service members, you might be the only person who’s comfortable doing that or the only officer there.” She organized a Seder aboard the USS Enterprise, during sorties into Iraq in 2006, during the Iraq War. “Three inches of steel above our heads in the

Ron Kampeas

Elaine Luria, running for Congress, spoke at a Democratic committee meeting in Norfolk, Feb. 3.

chapel on the ship – we were having this Seder and they’re launching and recovering jets,” she recalled. “These situations are juxtaposed; you’re celebrating this holiday that you’re used

to celebrating with your family, but you’re on the aircraft carrier and jets are landing over your head – literally. When they land over your head, you don’t just hear it, you feel it. When

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they launch off the catapults when you’re at that corner of the ship, everything shakes.” Still, she said the dozen or more celebrants – not all of them Jewish – managed to establish a sense of family. Luria seems driven in everything she applies herself to. A few years ago, she launched the decorate-your-own-mermaid business for birthday parties and girls’ nights out. There are now two branches. Nonrestaurants were not licensed for liquor, so Luria set about lobbying the state’s lawmakers to allow entertainment venues to serve alcohol. “I wrote every delegate and every senator on every subcommittee,” she said. As a result, if you run, say, a mermaid factory in Virginia, you can now serve clients up to two glasses of wine. (Not today: With JTA, they are surrounded by girls of the 10-year-old variety, crowned with tiaras and splattered with glitter. “We have 17 colors of glitter,” Luria said. Luria’s capacity for delivering facts and figures at an auctioneer’s pace was on display when she gave a reporter a tour of the naval base. As she steered past naval vessels, she assessed the income of other towns and areas in the 2nd District, the flooding dangers facing the region and the economic harm that it could suffer, now that President Donald Trump has opened much of the eastern coast to oil drilling. She was simultaneously warm and solicitous and possessed of the caution of a veteran politician. Alone among the candidates at the Democratic meeting, she did not mention Trump. Was that part of a strategy to win over voters in a district Trump won by 3 points in 2016? “What I think we really need to be is for something, not against something,” Luria said. Touring the base, she let slip a rare concession to regret – a commanding officer would not let her board oil-smuggling boats during the Iraq embargo in the late 1990s. “My CO was like, ‘I don’t think women can climb the ladder,’” she recalled. Luria smiled, recognizing the risk of saying something controversial, and looked back at the road. The Navy has turned around, she said, and now accommodates women. “I was one of the first women who could do my entire career on a ship,” she said. Luria has been attending Democratic Party meetings for a year-anda-half, taking notes, before announcing her candidacy almost as soon as she was decommissioned in June. She has already been to Washington and met or spoken with an array of top Democrats in Congress, including Jewish House members, like Jerry Nadler of New York and Debbie Wasserman Schultz of Florida. What was it about growing up Jewish that made Luria who she is? She ran through some memories of growing up Jewish in Birmingham, Ala., her mother’s meetings with the National Council of Jewish Women, with Hadassah, her mother’s thrill after returning from an Israel trip (one Luria has yet to make). And then, she conceded: “I don’t think [being Jewish] had an outsized influence.” Instead, it was her passion for the Navy, instilled during a science and engineering week at the Naval Academy when she was in high school, that has driven her. “The idea of having more of an obligation of continuing to serve,” she said, describing why she is running for office. Later, on the military base, her rapid-fire speech slowed for a moment: She wanted to explain when – and why – she joined Ohev Sholom. When her daughter was in the first grade, she felt a sudden need to sign her up for Sunday school. “I thought I had to raise my daughter Jewish,” she said softly, stopped alongside a massive aircraft carrier, the kind on which she once controlled a nuclear reactor. “It was critically important to me for her to have that education.” She pulled back onto the road and reflected on what Larry Sabato, the dean of Virginia political analysis, said about the 2nd district. “Swing territory.”

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Weekday Torah Study and Meal Nourish Body and Soul By AARON HOWARD | JHV

A

fter the destruction of the Second Temple, Torah study became the central activity for religious Jews. To quote Samuel Heilman: “The idea that one cannot be a complete Jew without studying the sacred texts became a dogma and core doctrine, and this belief became especially central to Orthodox Judaism as it developed in the 19th century.” 

Opportunities for Torah study can be difficult for people who put in long hours at work. Once you reach home after work and rush hour traffic, it can be hard to muster the energy to go out again. How about daytime Torah study opportunities? Better still, Torah and a meal. Nourish the body as well as the soul. The rabbis never said one was forbidden to nosh while studying.  Houston offers a wealth of lunch and learn Jewish study venues. The JHV looked at two lunch and learns and one breakfast and learn. While certainly not a complete list, it hints at the diversity of learning options.

Tzivia Weiss and Scott Asarch

Buffet learning The weekly lunch and learn, held at noon on Monday at Genesis Steakhouse, is thought to be the largest Jewish lunch and learn in Texas. Seven rabbis. Seven tables. Seven topics each week. And, a great lunch at a great price. Houston Kashruth Association executive director Tzivia Weiss told the JHV that when HKA mashgiach Scott Asarch came up with the idea in April 2017, it seemed like a perfect way to reach out to Jews of all backgrounds. “It was Scott’s brainchild,” said Weiss. “He coordinated the restaurant and the various presenters. He reached out to HKA and the Kollel of Houston. He’s put in most of the work behind the scenes. He loves the beauty of people learning Torah. “We recently started serving buffet lunches, which is quicker service and offers more options. Come, take food, sit down and learn. Get out on time to go back to work,” Weiss said. About 50-60 people attend each week. Some come because they are familiar with a particular teacher. Others take advantage of the diversity of teaching styles. At a recent program, HKA rabbinic coordinator Rabbi Nosson Dubin led one of the discussions. It revolved around work and the question: Should a person rely solely on G-d, or is one permitted to rely upon his or her own abilities? The

Rabbi Nosson Dubin

Rabbi Barry Gelman

discussion was very interactive. The environment resembled an open beis midrash. “The leaders at each table are well-prepared and try to come with topics that appeal to all denominations,” Rabbi Dubin told the JHV after lunch. “With all the interaction, people don’t feel like they are being lectured to. “Some of the rabbis have a following,” said Rabbi Dubin. “People who might not have a close relationship with one rabbi can table-jump and experience different teaching and learning styles. I usually speak more about self-growth. There’s a broad spectrum of topics. If I was coming as a student, I would like to be able to be exposed to different topics and have the freedom to see what works for me. This is a communitylearning program. Torah is for everyone.”

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Rabbi Yossi Grossman

Medical ethics  Jewish medical ethics is a tradition that spans centuries and reaches far beyond the Jewish world. Responses to medical and bioethical questions are found in sources of Jewish law, from early texts to contemporary ethicists’ commentary. Dr. Shelly Rubenfeld has regularly attended classes about Jewish medical ethics, given through the Jewish Ethics Institute since the program began 19 years ago. Now retired from active practice in endocrinology, Dr. Rubenfeld is the executive director of the Center for Medicine after the Holocaust. “About two decades ago, I knew some people who were bringing a kollel to Houston. I said to them, since we have the largest medical center in the country, we should be studying Jewish mediPage 21

cal ethics,” Dr. Rubenfeld said. Rabbi Yossi Grosssman, one of the original members of the kollel, began teaching classes in medical ethics. “Yossi has been a good teacher because he was more than willing to acknowledge his lack of knowledge about medicine. We lacked knowledge about Halakha. The professionals who are inclined to go to this class are individuals willing to hold a mirror up to their behavior. We argue a lot and laugh a lot because everybody in the class is willing to say they don’t know. After 19 years, we still have a lot to talk about. There’s almost no Halakha you can study that doesn’t help you improve yourself,” Dr. Rubenfeld said. In 2009, Rabbi Grossman helped establish the Jewish Ethics Institute as a division of Torah Outreach Center of Houston. With a grant from the Wolfson Foundation, Rabbi Grossman created the curriculum and established branches of JEI in Dallas, Austin, Philadelphia, Detroit, St. Louis and Minneapolis. Not only has JEI become an educational resource for physicians, attorneys and business professionals, it offers continuing education credits (CMEs for physicians, CLEs for lawyers).

The medical ethics breakfast-and-learn session one morning led off with stories women are telling of sexual assault and harassment by men. That raised the question: How best can a male physician avoid the possibility of transgressing when attending a female patient? Rabbi Grossman led the class through some Mishna and Rambam, addressing issues of tzniyut (modesty) and interactions between men

dents, do not ignore the patient. Pay attention to their responses,” said Dr. Rubenfeld. Medical ethics classes are held on Wednesdays at 8:20 a.m. at Congregation Brith Shalom. JEI legal ethics classes are currently held at Loev Law Firm on the last Thursday of each month. Rabbi Grossman outlined four benefits of JEI eat-and-learn classes: “They nourish your body and soul simultaneously,” he said. “They provide an opportunity to meet others in your profession. They demonstrate Torah can be studied anywhere. Torah needn’t be relegated to the synagogue. And, each class changes your workday more than a power lunch.”

and “[Eat-and-learn classes] nourish your body es soul simultaneously. ... And each class chang your workday more than a power lunch.” - Rabbi Yossi Grossman and women. The medical ethics class holds a mirror up to one’s behavior according to Halakha, Dr. Rubenfeld said. “How should you behave as a physician, a Jew and a human being? The ethics class made a difference in how I practiced medicine. For example, in the hospital, when approaching patients, I learned to be very aware of the physician-patient interaction. Knock on the hospital door and wait on a response. In a patient’s room, don’t sit on a patient’s bed. When you are in the patient’s room with a team of doctors and stu-

Synagogue learning Most congregations provide lifelong learning opportunities. United Orthodox Synagogues’ Rabbi Barry Gelman holds a lunch and learn at the shul every Wednesday at noon. “Lifelong learning is a Jewish value,” said Rabbi Gelman. “There are so many opportunities now to engage in learning. Whether it’s face-to-face, Facebook Live, recorded learning people can access at their leisure. I stress the

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

importance of lifelong learning so we can be engaged more Jewishly, so our life choices can be measured by and animated by Jewish ideas and values. “The way we encounter G-d, besides prayer, is by the study of Torah. Sometimes, that gets missed. People think Torah study is purely an intellectual exercise. But, it’s really a spiritual exercise. Study involves hearing the word of G-d and having an opportunity to shape the word of G-d because, as opposed to tefillah (prayer), everybody who involves themselves in Torah study has the capacity to contribute to Torah. It can be a very moving spiritual moment.” During one lunch and learn at UOS, Rabbi Gelman led a discussion that involved the topic of redemption. He passed out a very moving text from Rabbi Joseph Soloveitchik. The Rav wrote about redemption as “a movement by an individual or a community from the periphery of history to its center”; that is, to be a history-making entity. By that definition, Israel has truly marked the beginning of the redemption of the Jewish people, making us into a history-making people once again. After the class was over, Rabbi Gelman told the JHV that everyone has the opportunity to offer their interpretation of the texts. “We accept those interpretations because that could be the meaning of the text,” he said. “It may not be what a classic commentator would have said. It may not be the way I read the text. But, every single person has the responsibility to contribute to the corpus of Torah. “We have a diverse, eclectic group of people who attend. Some come from their offices on lunch break. Others are retirees. Most recently, we’ve expanded to Facebook Live, so now we have an international audience – but they don’t get the lunch. “I seriously prepare for all the classes I give. But for me, the greatest moment of satisfaction is when a participant in the class feels they’ve contributed to the understanding of the verses. It’s open in that way. When I see a student say, ‘I have given something to Torah,’ that’s a very empowering moment. And, it keeps people coming back for more.”

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

By the Book: A Passover Tale The Chelm Origin of the Maxwell House Haggadah By MARK BINDER

H



ave they arrived yet?” Reb Cantor the merchant shouted, as soon as he walked in the front door.

Shoshana Cantor stuck her head out of the kitchen. Her hair was frayed in disarray, sweat was dripping from her brow. “You know, when some husbands come home, they say, ‘Hello, how are you? Is everything all right? Have you once again managed to prepare a Passover dinner for 50 people without the aid of additional servants? And, how can I help you?’” “You can help me by telling me whether the package has arrived,” Reb Cantor retorted. Shoshana threw a dishtowel at her husband. “One thing you had to do!” she shouted, and then went back to work.

Rodent ruins Reb Cantor was frantic. Over the winter, mice had gotten into the attic, where they had gnawed holes and nested in his leather-bound Haggadahs. He only discovered the destruction two months ago, when he’d gone up to put his winter coat in the cedar chest. “I picked up the book box,” Reb Cantor had explained to Rabbi Yohon Abrahms, the schoolteacher, while they were on one of their morning walks. “It was good, until I dropped it. Haggadahs were in pieces. Mice ran everywhere.” “How tragic to lose such a treasured part of your family history,” Rabbi Abrahms commiserated. “Are you going to have it reprinted? “Not a chance!” Reb Cantor tried to catch his breath. Keeping up with the younger rabbi

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

was always a challenge. “I hated that book. The service was too long. Excruciating, repetitive and boring! And, because it was written by my great-great-grandfather, Izzy Cantor, every single word had to be read out loud. Whenever I tried to skim, my wife and children said, ‘No-no-no, you have to do it by the book.’ Dinner was always cold and then after dinner it went on and on and on! Those mice did me a favor.” “So, are you cancelling your Seder?” Rabbi Abrahms asked nervously.

Haggadah challenge The Cantor family’s Seders were famous. Everyone in the village of Chelm was invited, and most of the single men and women and any visitors enjoyed one of the finest – if not latest –

Page 25

meals of their lives. “No! My wife says I have only one job this year – to replace the books.” Reb Cantor stopped at the top of East Hill to rest. “I wanted to know if you would write a new Haggadah for me?” Rabbi Abrahms smiled. “I’m flattered. I’ve

Rabbi Abrahms’ small house, the manuscript wasn’t ready. Two weeks after that, the young rabbi finally delivered it, and Reb Cantor had immediately rushed to the printer in Smyrna with instructions that it absolutely must be delivered before sunset on Passover. He’d even paid extra! But, the books had not arrived.

While Rabbi Abrahms of Chelm was never formally credited as the writer, the Abrahms-Cantor Coffee Company became wealthy in Germany, Russia and parts of Poland, despite their curious slogan, “Good until you drop it.” always thought that the story of Passover could be told better …” “I’ll pay you, of course.” Reb Cantor interrupted before the young rabbi could get into protracted discussion of biblical minutia. “But, I do have one request. My cousin Richard and his family will be visiting from America for the holiday. His children don’t speak Yiddish and don’t read much Hebrew. Can you do part of it in English?” Rabbi Abrahms stroked his beard. “It will be a challenge. And, I accept!” * * * For the rest of the walk back to Chelm, Rabbi Abrahms extolled at length about what was necessary – and what was unnecessary in a Haggadah. Four weeks later, when Reb Cantor visited

erev pesach As he dressed for dinner, Reb Cantor gnawed his fingernails, wondering if he should send word for the other villagers to bring their own Haggadahs. That, of course would be a chaotic mess, because no two family Haggadahs were ever alike. The best thing about Izzy’s was that there had been 50 of them, so no one needed to share. The sun was beginning to fall. Shoshana was still in the kitchen, so Reb Cantor began welcoming guests. Nearly despaired, he stepped outside for a last look. Galloping closer and closer up the Smyrna Road was a wagon! A smile grew across the merchant’s wide

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face, but then it fell as he recognized Cousin Richard and his family coming back from mushroom picking. Before the horse even stopped, Richard’s two children and his wife jumped off and ran into the house. “My family hates me,” Richard said. “It turns out that New York mushrooms have a profoundly different effect on the digestion than those from the Black Forest.” “At least they’ll recover quickly.” Reb Cantor shrugged. “I only had one job this year – to get the Haggadahs for the Seder. Shoshana is going to kill me, bury me, dig me up and then kill me again.” “Oh!” Richard said. “We stopped in Smyrna for lunch, and the printer asked me to deliver you something.” Reb Cantor was already at the back of the wagon. The wooden box was tiny. He lifted the lid. The books inside looked small and sad and very thin. “Did he leave out some pages?” Richard asked, picking up a volume. “Great-GreatGrandfather Izzy’s Haggadah was six times that thick.” “Isaac, the sun is down!” Shoshana Cantor shouted from inside. “If we don’t start now, our guests will die of starvation!” Reb Cantor sighed, picked up the box and hoped for the best.

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Is this a joke? The teasing began immediately. “This is Rabbi Abrahms’ famous Haggadah?” “Where’s the rest?” “Who knew the schoolteacher could be so brief!” Even Rabbi Abrahms was confused when he opened the book and saw that the English and Hebrew were written side by side. “I thought that we’d have the Hebrew pages going right to left and the English going left to right …” But, it wasn’t all bad: Cousin Richard’s daughter, Zoe, and his son, Jesse, loved being able to read the Four Questions. The service was over so quickly that the matzah balls hadn’t hardened, and the brisket and parsnips and turnips were still hot! By the end of the evening, Reb Cantor and Rabbi Abrahms were filled to the brim with delicious food and many compliments on their latest success. Shoshana Cantor even gave her husband a kiss on the cheek and her exhausted thanks for finishing the service before midnight. “Listen,” asked Cousin Richard, “do you think I could take a few copies back to New York? My advertising firm is working on a promotion for a coffee company. Maybe they’d like to use it.” Rabbi Abrahms shrugged. “If the coffee is good, send me a pound.” “You’ll never be a businessman,” said Reb Cantor. “One pound of coffee wholesale for every 100 books printed. Your company pays the shipping.” * * * And now, you know the story behind the world-famous Maxwell House Haggadah. While Rabbi Abrahms of Chelm was never formally credited as the writer, the Abrahms-Cantor Coffee Company became wealthy in Germany, Russia and parts of Poland, despite their curious slogan, “Good until you drop it.” Mark Binder is a writer and Jewish storyteller. For more about his work, visit markbinder.com/chelm. Copyright 2018 by Mark Binder. 

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Latinx Seders highlight Family hist Blended Flavors ashkenazi roots

By MICHAEL C. DUKE | JHV

F

ood is family history. Especially when it comes to the food Jews eat on Passover.

For Jewish families from Latin America, the Seder meal reveals the history of Jewish migration to Spanish-speaking countries in the Western hemisphere. Though many of those families since have migrated north of the Rio Grande River and have settled in Houston, they continue to prepare Latinx-inspired foods on Passover as a way to stay connected to their family roots. A staple on Orly Kluk’s Passover table is a gefilte fish recipe that traces her family’s history through Veracruz, Mexico, all the way back to Eastern Europe. “In Veracruz, they make a fish called pescado a la Veracruzana, which has a tomato sauce, capers, olives and onions,” Kluk told the JHV. “When Jews came to Mexico in the 1920s, they arrived in the port of Veracruz,” she said. “They saw how locals prepared fish, there, and they began to meld those flavors with their own recipes. “Gefilte fish a la Veracruzana is something Mexican Jews, including my family, will do for Pesach, as well as Rosh Hashanah,” she said.

Kluk’s family is Ashkenazi. Her grandmother, Alicia Libnic, was born in Russia in 1920. Three years later, the family moved to Mexico. “They had a sense that things would be getting worse [for Jews in Europe], so they left before World War II started,” Kluk said. Her grandfather’s family made a similar decision. They were from Poland. After the war started, they managed to bring the rest of the family to Mexico, and they opened their doors to other Jewish families who also were forced to flee Europe. The Jewish immigrants eventually settled in the capital city of the new Mexican Republic. Kluk said her great-grandfather played an instrumental role in establishing a Jewish community in downtown Mexico City, where he helped build a JCC and other community institutions that enabled immigrant families to acculturate. Kluk’s parents met in Mexico. Her father was born in Bulgaria. When he was 13 – on the eve of the State of Israel’s independence – the family made aliyah. Her father grew up in Israel and moved to Mexico in his 30s for work. Kluk’s parents still live in Mexico, today. After her grandmother died in 1994, Kluk discovered a green, leather-bound book, containing hundreds of recipes that her grandmother had typed out. One of those recipes is for gefilte fish a la Veracruzana. “When I make this dish, it reminds me of Mexico and connects me to my grandmother,” said Kluk, who moved to Houston in 1996. “My grandmother used to make the gefilte fish from scratch. She’d work in the kitchen for more than a whole day. “It was a labor of love,” she said.

‘diversity of Jewish food’

JhV: MiChAeL C. DuKe

Ariela Kluk and her mother, orly Kluk, pore over a recipe book that belonged to orly’s grandmother, who blended traditional Ashkenazi passover dishes with Mexican flavors, following her family’s immigration to Latin America.

Page 28

Dr. Mark Goldberg’s family also is from Mexico. His grandmother prepares gefilte fish for Passover that’s cooked in a sweetand-sour chili sauce. “It’s the only way I’ll eat gefilte fish,” said Dr. Goldberg, who directs University of Houston’s Jewish Studies Program and serves as an associate professor of history, teaching courses in Latinx and Jewish history at UH. “From both an academic and personal perspective, I can say that Latinx Jewish food is very present during Seder, and it fits into the history of Jewish food broadly, which is full of examples of local cultural mixing of cuisines,” he told the JHV. The expanse of Jewish food, today, is the byproduct of a mixing of local cuisines, according to Dr. Goldberg. “Because food is a part of one’s cultural identity, we can extend this further and say that the diversity of Jewish food highlights the diversity of Jewish identities and the different ways of

being Jewish, both in the past an “For Latinxes to continue to United States demonstrates an concerted effort to maintain a d following histories of migration a Jewish and Latinx diasporas,” Dr Pesach, in particular, is a “foo around the retelling of Jewish his “It makes sense, then, that L own historical story, per se, thro

Sephardic-C

Dr. Goldberg recently interv for a project he’s working on. Des her background is Sephardi. Her Sephardic-Cuban flavors that re the Mediterranean and Caribbea Like many Sephardi cooks makes charoset from raisins a Growing up in Cuba, gefilte fis absent from her family’s Seder ta Instead, they had fried ma de matzo; matzah spinach pie, leek meatballs, known in Ladin Sephardic-Cuban foods that w Esquenazi’s Passover menu incl honey syrup matzah cake desser “Cuban flavors aren’t t Mediterranean flavors,” Esquena by Christopher Columbus, who colonized by Spain until 1902 Spain.” Esquenazi traces her family’ expulsion of Jews from the Iberi her family settled in present-day Shortly after the outbreak of parents boarded a ship bound for to Ellis Island in New York, but w learned that Cuba’s doors were her grandparents made their wa nation, which gained its indepen the aftermath of the Spanish-Am Esquenazi’s mother was bo was, too. Esquenazi’s childhoo Communist Revolution. A year in 1959, Esquenazi’s parents sent her older brother to the United St who had left Cuba during the ear “They sent us to the United

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

tory,

nd the present,” he said. o cook Latinx Jewish food in the n expression of heritage and a distinctly Latinx Jewish identity, and acculturation into life in the r. Goldberg said. od-centric” holiday that revolves story, the history professor noted. Latinx Jews would express their ough food on Passover,” he said.

Cuban flavors

viewed a Jewish Cuban woman spite Sara Esquenazi’s last name, r Passover menu is infused with ecall her family’s journey across an seas. s around the world, Esquenazi and dates, rather than apples. sh and matzah ball soup were able. atzah pancakes, called bunuelos or mina de espinaca; and fried no as albondigas de prasa. Other were, and remain, popular on lude an eggplant soufflé and a rt. too different from Spanish azi said. “Cuba was ‘discovered’ was a Spaniard, and Cuba was 2, so our influences were from

’s roots back to Spain. After the ian Peninsula in the late 1490s, y Turkey. World War I, Esquenazi’s grandr the United States. They made it were denied entry. However, they open to Jewish immigrants, so ay south to the Caribbean island ndence some 20 years earlier in merican War. orn in Havana. Her daughter od was interrupted by Cuba’s after Fidel Castro rose to power, t their 13-year-old daughter and tates to live with family members rly 1950s. d States because Castro declared

JhV: MiChAeL C. DuKe

Mother and daughter, orly and Ariela Kluk, sample a family recipe for gefilte fish a la Veracruzana ahead of their family’s passover seder in houston.

that once you turn 15, you cannot leave the country,” Esquenazi said. “My brother was about to turn 15, so my parents took us out of Cuba, and my parents ended up coming to the U.S. afterward.” In Cuba, Esquenazi’s Seder table wasn’t affected by food shortages or embargoes, because the U.S. hadn’t severed relations yet with the Soviet-backed regime. Unable to go back to Cuba since she left in November 1960, Esquenazi, instead, has brought Cuba to Houston through her family recipes. “My favorite Passover food is the charoset,” she said. “I also like the spinach pie. You mix egg and cheese and matzah and put mashed potatoes on top with some more cheese and bake it. “It’s very yummy,” Esquenazi said. Though Esquenazi grew up with Sephardic Passover fare, her

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

daughter married a Cuban from an Ashkenazi family. To honor both traditions, today, Esquenazi has added matzah ball soup and gefilte fish to her family’s Seder spread, she noted.

passover parrilla Clara Schwartz also has family roots that connect through Cuba. Though her Passover Seder menu is pretty standard, she noted, her family enjoys a food tradition that’s served on the Shabbat during the week of Pesach. The family picked up that tradition, known as parrilla, after leaving Cuba for Venezuela. “Grilling is a popular Venezuela tradition,” Schwartz told the JHV. “For the Shabbat during Passover, we don’t serve any of the typical Passover foods. The only thing we use is matzah for the Motzi. “For everything else, we grill,” she said. Page 29

In Schwartz’s home, they grill chicken, beef and sometimes lamb. The menu also includes fried plantains and boiled yucca root that’s served with an avocado sauce – guasacaca – that’s similar to Mexican guacamole. To make guasacaca, Schwartz begins by combining onion, cilantro, parsley, red bell pepper, green bell pepper, vinegar, oil and garlic in a blender. Then, she adds the avocado. Schwartz said her tastiest Passover Shabbat dish is a Venezuelan-style ceviche. For that recipe, she uses a firm white fish, like cod or sea bass. The fish is cured in a blend of citrus leche – lemon, lime and orange juice – and spiced with onion, green and red bell pepper and a little bit of jalapeño. “I serve the ceviche with cooked sweet potatoes that I slice into rounds,” Schwartz said. The Schwartzes keep a kosher home. Since they prefer parrilla for their Shabbat meal during Passover, they do the grilling before Shabbat begins and keep the food covered with foil in a warm oven to prevent the meat from drying out. Schwartz’s mother did not grow up in a Jewish home. However, her mother discovered that Schwartz’s great-great-grandfather was Jewish – one of the first Jews, in fact, who settled in Curaçao, off of the coast of Venezuela, at the beginning of the 19th century. Her great-great-grandfather married a woman who wasn’t Jewish. The family’s Jewish lineage would have ended there had Schwartz’s mother, with help from a Venezuelan rabbi, not made the discovery that he was Jewish generations later. “When my mother met my father, the rabbi asked who her grandmother was,” Schwartz said. “He noticed that my mother had referred to her grandmother in a French-sounding way.” Curious, the rabbi asked to see her family tree. After reviewing the information that Schwartz’s mother provided, the rabbi traveled to the town where Schwartz’s great-great-grandfather had lived. “The rabbi went to the Jewish cemetery and there he found where my mother’s great-grandfather is buried,” Schwartz said. “Even though my mother converted to Judaism, her great-grandfather, from his father’s side of the family, was Jewish. He had moved to Curaçao from Italy or France. I think his family was Sephardic.” Schwartz’s paternal grandmother was Jewish, too, and arrived in Venezuela sometime between World War I and World War II. Her family was from a town in present-day Ukraine, but back then was still part of Poland. Like Esquenazi’s grandparents, Schwartz’s paternal grandmother planned to immigrate to the U.S., but her boat was turned away in New York and was rerouted to Cuba. During the voyage, her grandmother met Schwartz’s grandfather, who was from Romania. They got married in Cuba and lived there for a few years before moving to Venezuela, where Schwartz’s father later was born. Schwartz was born in Maracaibo, near Venezuela’s border with Colombia. Similar to Houston, Maracaibo’s economy was fueled by Page 30

the oil-and-gas industry. The city had a thriving Jewish community during the boom, but most families since have left and resettled in Caracas, according to Schwartz. Schwartz’s family moved to the Venezuelan capital when she was 13. It was around that time when the family started doing parrilla on Passover. Schwartz immigrated to the U.S. nearly 12 years ago, following Hugo Chávez rise to power. Living in Houston, today, she has upheld the family’s parrilla tradition. “It’s much easier to do parrilla here, because we live in a house,” Schwartz said. “Back in Venezuela, we lived in an apartment, where we had to go downstairs to do the grilling and then carry everything back up to eat.”

‘Mexican matzah ball soup’ Jewish foods that have been enhanced by Latinx flavors, after Jews immigrated to Latin America, have continued to evolve as those recipes have been carried by Jewish immigrants to new homes in the United States. Mexican-born Fany Gerson is regarded as one of the U.S.’ preeminent experts on Mexican confections. The pastry chef and James Beardnominated cookbook author lives in New York, today, and is coming to Houston later this year for a Jewish-Latinx cooking program, organized by University of Houston. Her connection to UH is a family one. Gerson’s cousin happens to be history professor Dr. Mark Goldberg. This past year, Gerson contributed two courses for a Seder meal at the James Beard House, hosted by the Jewish Food Society in New York, which featured Mexican Jewish food. One of Gerson’s dishes served at that event was a “nostalgic” creation she calls “Mexican matzah ball soup.” “It’s like traditional matzah ball soup, but the broth is much more flavorful,” Gerson told the JHV. “It has a little bit of chipotle chilies, so it has a slight smoky and spice tone,” she said. “You make it in a similar way that you’d make a very flavorful broth, but instead of yellow onion, I use white onion, so it’s a little less sweet.” Apart from the slightly spicy, smoky broth, it’s the dish’s other elements that pay tribute to Gerson’s Mexican roots. “It’s served with pulled chicken,” she said. “And, we serve it with chopped-up Serraño chilies on the side, so people can put as little or as much as they want, along with diced white onion, cilantro and avocado. “It’s basically taking the two best soups [matzah ball soup and sopa de pollo] and putting them together,” she said. Gerson’s recipe for Mexican matzah ball soup has evolved over the years. It began as a direct response to her immigration from Mexico to the U.S. “When I moved to New York, I realized I didn’t have a place to go for Seder, because I didn’t have family here, so I started making my

own traditions,” she said. Back in Mexico, Gerson was raised on her grandmother’s matzah ball soup. Never being exposed to anything different, she grew up with the impression that all matzah balls were heavy enough to eat with a knife and fork. In New York, eating at Jewish delis, she encountered matzah balls that were much fluffier and lighter. Wanting to host Seder for friends, she set out to create a hybrid matzah ball soup. “I took my grandmother’s matzah ball recipe and the fluffier ones and I started experimenting a lot,” she said. “And, I discovered I could have the best of both worlds, which is to have a center that has a bite to it, but is a little bit fluffy on the outside.” For the soup’s broth, she drew inspiration from Jewish immigrants to Mexico, from past generations, who “tropicalized” Jewish food recipes through a process of culture blending, Gerson noted. The chef has taken a similar approach to other Passover dishes. She’s created two different versions of flourless chocolate cake, for example. One version achieves a spicy-smokysweet tone through the use of chipotle, while the other dessert is almost fudge-like in its texture and is served with a sweet tomatillo sauce.

‘Familiar’ recipes For those interested in introducing Latinx Jewish food at Passover Seder, Gerson recommended taking the same approach that Jews did upon arriving in Latin America. Meaning, blend what you already know, from your past, with what you find in new surroundings. “I suggest trying the Mexican matzah ball soup, because you can already do the matzah ball soup that you’re used to,” she said. “Even if you don’t put the chipotle in the broth, maybe you can do the garnish. “Making things you’re already familiar with is a good place to start,” she said. That’s exactly what Orly Kluk’s grandmother did when her family arrived in Veracruz, Kluk confirmed. Kluk said she has memories from childhood of her grandmother making gefilte fish a la Veracruzana. Kluk’s grandmother taught Kluk’s mother how to cook, and Kluk’s mother, in turn, taught her daughter how to cook, she noted. Kluk’s own daughter, Ariela, is 12 years old and admired her great-grandmother’s recipe book when Kluk brought it out shortly before Passover this year. To make her grandmother’s recipe for gefilte fish a la Veracruzana, Kluk caramelizes onion, then adds garlic, tomato sauce, fresh tomatoes, capers, green olives and some kosher chicken bouillon. Her mother sometimes will spice it up a bit with a little chipotle or jalapeño, she noted. “Pesach has always been an important holiday for our family,” Kluk said. “It’s when we all can be together.”

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

The Youngest Schindler’s List Survivor Still Tells Her Story

Courtesy of the Israeli mission to the U.N.

Eva Lavi, who was 2 years old when the Nazis invaded Poland, addressed the United Nations in January.

By BEN SALES | JHV

N

EW YORK – Eva Lavi’s earliest memories are of the Holocaust.

She remembers how her mother made her hide outside in below-zero weather, clutching a standing pipe, as Nazis searched her home in Poland. She remembers her father telling her to swallow a spoonful of cyanide – better than death at the hands of the Nazis – only to have her mother object at the last minute. She remembers seeing her twin cousins shot to death as they ran up a hill at a labor camp. Lavi was 2 years old when Nazi Germany took over her hometown of Krakow in September 1939. Now 80, she wants to make sure her stories aren’t lost after she’s gone. “There was no childhood for children my age,” she said, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, following International Holocaust Remembrance Day on Jan. 27. “Regularly, we saw, heard and understood everything the Nazis were doing to us. At 6 years old, children were cynical old people trying to survive.” Lavi is the youngest survivor to have been on Schindler’s list, a list of Jews saved by German industrialist Oskar Schindler and immortalized in Steven Spielberg’s 1993 film, “Schindler’s List.” Lavi was put in a ghetto in

Poland, with her family, immediately after the Nazi takeover, transferred to a labor camp and then to Auschwitz. After being saved by Schindler, who sheltered hundreds of Jews who worked in his kitchen goods and armament factories, Lavi lived a quiet life in Israel. She served in the army, lived on a kibbutz, worked as an administrative assistant and raised a family. She remembers the early years in Israel, when survivors were disparaged as weak and passive. But, as interest in the Holocaust increased, she became more vocal in recounting her experience. Now, she speaks to groups at Yad Vashem, the Israeli Holocaust authority, and travels to Poland every year with a group of high school students. “It’s true testimony from someone who was there. It’s not a story,” she told JTA in a separate interview in January, adding that once Israelis became interested in the Holocaust, “the survivors opened their mouths and began to tell the story. It’s not just a story. It’s the worst and cruelest thing that happened in the world.” Although Lavi now regularly returns to Auschwitz, she said the experience still isn’t easy. Each time, she finds herself looking around in horror and crying. But, by now she’s used to it. “Every time I go, I cry here and there because

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

it’s a terrible thing,” she told JTA. “Every person that went there saw the ovens, the gas chambers. Everything was real. It’s very scary, but because I’ve gone so many times, I take it differently. I don’t think about myself. I think about how the kids are reacting.” Lavi also feels a sense of urgency in telling her story, because she thinks the world hasn’t gotten better since she was liberated. There are groups that still seek to annihilate Jews and other minorities, she said. And, she called the Polish bill that would criminalize those who blame Poland for the Holocaust a “disaster.” Yes, she said, Poles were killed, too, at the Nazi death camps. But, she added that the Poles were no angels, citing Polish violence against Jews during and after the war. “I was in Auschwitz, and there were Polish prisoners,” she said. “But, what they say, that the Poles were all sweetness and light? No. In any case, they didn’t really like the Jews.” As the Holocaust survivor population shrinks – Lavi was born just two years before the war – she sounds conflicted about how best to perpetuate Holocaust memory. On the one hand, she acknowledges that survivors’ stories are extensively documented. On the other hand, she knows nothing is more powerful than a firsthand account. Page 31

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One way to transmit the experience, she said, is through movies. She’s grateful for the research work that Spielberg did while making “Schindler’s List,” which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. One scene, featuring her as a child, she said, is mostly accurate: Nazis separated her from her mother, but Schindler saved her by telling the guards he needed her small fingers to operate machinery. She believes that movie and those that have followed play a positive role in educating people about what happened – even if some are fictional. “They did a lot of movies that had influence,” she told JTA. “They engaged the heart, even if they’re not true, but they have to be faithful to truth.” Israeli U.N. Amb. Danny Danon, who invited Lavi to address the United Nations, said the speech was an increasingly rare opportunity for international diplomats to hear firsthand about the atrocities of the Holocaust. “With the number of Holocaust survivors who can testify to the horrors they witnessed dwindling every day, it is of utmost importance that we ensure that their story is told before it is too late,” Danon said in a statement, adding that, with the speech, he and his office “hope to have played a small part in relaying her important message and focusing the U.N. on fulfilling its original mandate from when it was founded in the aftermath of World War II.” After decades of telling her story around the world, Lavi said addressing the United Nations gave her a sense of closure. For years, she has carried guilt for surviving when so many perished. But, with this speech, she said, she achieved something to justify her life. “It was very hard to be a child survivor,” she told JTA. “I felt guilty. I began to talk to G-d: Why did He save me? I imagined my Jewish brothers, me and them together, we’re walking, and then G-d pulls me out. Now that they’ve sent me to the U.N. to speak in front of the world, it’s as if I did something to satisfy G-d after my death.”

Wishing you a Happy Passover

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MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Israel’s Vexing Question of ‘Strangers’ This Passover 

T

he Four Questions of the Mah Nishtana are a cinch, compared with the question facing Israeli society this Passover: What to do with the approximately 38,000 Eritrean and Sudanese refugees in Israel? The State of Israel has proposed a grant of $3,500 each and a one-way flight to an African country, or indefinite incarceration. The refugees have until April 1 (the second day of Passover) to decide.

as much influence as we want Hitler to have upon Israeli society. A better argument against expulsion comes from democratic principles of fairness, due process and equality. The number of black African refugees represents about one-third of the “illegal” residents Notes from the in Israel (most of the other two-thirds are homeland Russian speakers). It does not seem fair that the Africans, alone, are being tarTEDDY WEINBERGER geted. Also, the refugees work at menial jobs, such as those in the hotel and restaurant industries. Since all agree if we expel the There is much internal opposition to the move to expel the African refugees. Israeli pilots, doc- refugees, we would have to replace them with tors, retired diplomats, Holocaust survivors, pro- other foreign workers. And, since there is little fessors, rabbis, architects and musicians have danger of large numbers of new refugees arrivbrought petitions against the expulsion. Often, ing (thanks to a 2012 steel barrier constructed the Holocaust is invoked, a time when millions of along the 150-mile border with Egypt), on what Jews were desperate for refuge – only to find the grounds should other foreign workers be preferred to the refugees?  world largely indifferent. The best argument against expulsion comes I, frankly, am not persuaded by an argument from the Holocaust. I’m not sure the fact Jews from the story of Passover – not so much because could not find refuge 75 years ago from Nazi of our people’s experience of slavery, but in the Germany is relevant to the real politick of contem- Divine commands issued forth about that experiporary Israel. While Israel allowed Hitler basically ence; e.g., “The stranger who resides with you to dictate our immigration policy (the Law of shall be to you as one of your citizens; you shall Return being the obverse of Hitler’s racial laws, love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the with one Jewish grandparent marking a person land of Egypt: I the L-rd am your G-d” (Leviticus for citizenship rather than death), that’s probably 19.34). A believing Jew will try to obey G-d, and

thus, a believer ought to side with critics of the expulsion policy. But, what the vast majority of these critics, many of whom are not religious, don’t understand is, without a turn to faith, their argument is as best weak and, at worst, racist. If the Bible is not sacred, if it is just an important text of the Jewish people, this is not enough of a reason to oppose the government of the Jewish state. In the absence of religious command, and yet in the presence of many surrounding enemies, why must Israel act like the most enlightened of Western countries in terms of immigrant policy?  Because of our Jewish genes? Because of our Jewish blood? It all comes down to how you view Passover: Is it just the Jewish people’s spring holiday, or is G-d somehow involved?  If you answer the latter question in the affirmative, however you want to define “G-d,” it seems to me you have to be against the expulsion. After all, the Bible seems fixated upon the fair treatment of “strangers,” mentioning this an astonishing 36 times. Here’s another example: “You shall not oppress a stranger, for you know the feelings of the stranger, having yourselves been strangers in the land of Egypt” (Exodus 23.9). A good way of not oppressing strangers is not to expel them. Happy Passover! Copyright 2018, Teddy Weinberger

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110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

10 Diverse Foods That Say ‘Passover’

CHABAD.ORG

A moufleta is a fried pancake, eaten at a post-Passover feast known as Mimounah.

Courtesy of CHABAD.ORG

G

Egg Lokshen

‑d’s vision for Passover cuisine is simple: We are to eat the roasted paschal lamb with matzah and bitter herbs, and then for the next seven days we are to avoid chametz (leaven). And so, over the years diverse Jewish communities have developed their own Passover cuisines, introducing foods that have become uniquely associated with the holiday. Here is our list of favorites.

Egg Lokshen Since flour-based noodles are out, many people make thin crepe-like pancakes out of eggs and potato starch, which they then roll up and cut into strips, forming kosher-for-Passover noodles (lokshen, in Yiddish), which taste marvelous in chicken soup. (Note: They last only a few days in the refrigerator before becoming mealy. Also note that the thinner you make them the better they taste.)

3 eggs ¼ cup water pinch of coarse salt

Kosher-for-Passover noodles or lokshen, in Yiddish. Recipe excerpted from “Spice and Spirit, The Complete Kosher Jewish Cookbook,” published by Lubavitch Women’s Cookbook Publications. Copyright, all rights reserved, Chabad.org.

2 Tbsp. chicken fat, for frying

Beat eggs with egg beater or wire whisk until fluffy. Add water and salt. Beat for 1-2 minutes. Heat 2 tablespoons fat in 10-inch skillet over medium-high flame. Pour entire mixture into pan. Fry as you would a pancake to golden brown on each side. Flip out onto a large platter and cut into strips. Add to hot soup. Serves six.

Schmaltz Yes, rendered chicken fat. Many Hasidic communities do not used processed foods dur-

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

ing Passover, as an extra precaution against chametz. And so, some people do their cooking Page 35

– and even salad dressing – with schmaltz, chicken fat which is cooked over a low heat until it melts. Schmaltz has a creamy consistency when served at room temperature.

gribenes

Macaroons Yep, you knew that macaroons would be on this list somewhere. Our informal polling shows that coconut-based macaroons are like cilantro. Some people love them, and the rest of us are left scratching our heads trying to figure out why. Yet, for whatever reason, Manischewitz has made a killing convincing Jews all over that these mushy excuses for cookies are part of the Passover experience.

thick Seder Wine Speaking of Manischewitz, there is another persistent idea out there that Seder wine needs to be gloopy sweet stuff that comes in a square bottle and tastes like cough syrup. At one time, this kind of wine was so ingrained as a Jewish wine preference that Schapiro’s Wine advertised (in Yiddish) that their wine was so thick you could almost cut it with a knife! Thankfully, there are hundreds of high-quality kosher wines out there, but we respect the traditionalists who like the old thick stuff.

borscht Back in the old country, there were very few fresh veggies by winter’s end. So, when grain was eliminated from the menu on Passover, potatoes, beets and other long-lasting produce from the cold cellar became Passover staples. Nothing quite says Passover like a glass of deep-purple borscht.

Sugar Water

ChABAD.oRg

One delicious, but very unhealthy, Passover treat is gribenes, crispy onions and chicken skins that have been fried in schmaltz.

There is an interesting rule in Jewish law, whereby a small particle of chametz can be rendered null if it is in an overwhelmingly large mixture of non-chametz before Passover. But, once the holiday begins, even the smallest speck of chametz is prohibited. And so, there are some who like to make any food that has even the slightest possibility of containing chametz before Passover as an added precaution. Because of this, many people prepare “sugar water” (known to foodies as simple syrup) before the onset of the holiday, which they then use instead of regular sugar over Passover.

pnpflowers.com Page 36

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

No Matzah Balls! You may be surprised to learn that many Ashkenazic Jews (particularly Hasidim) are particular not to let their matzah come in contact with water on Passover, lest there be a speck of flour trapped in the dough that could still be “activated” and rise. This means no matzah balls. But, there is an important exception. We do use wetted matzah, known as gebrokts, on the eighth day of Passover (celebrated only in the Diaspora). So, the matzah ball does finally roll out of the kitchen, but a week later than expected.

��������.���.�....

CHABAD.ORG

Soft Matzah Almost all of us are familiar with the crunchy matzah that looks and tastes like cardboard and lasts almost forever. Once upon a time, it was common to bake fresh matzahs that were soft and thick. For a number of reasons, this kind of matzah was phased out in almost all Jewish communities hundreds of years ago. However, some communities still bake soft matzah the old-fashioned way. The matzahs pictured here were baked by Sephardic Jews in London, England.

Mimounah Just because Passover has ended doesn’t mean that the food parade needs to come to a halt. Many Moroccan Jews have the custom of hosting family and friends for a post-Passover feast, known as Mimounah. A traditional food at this feast is a fried pancake known as moufleta. (See Page 35.) © Copyright, all rights reserved, Chabad.org. 

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Travel the World

Without Ever Leaving Your Seder Table From ROYAL WINE COMPANY

T

his Passover, spend your holiday in Israel, Italy and France, without ever leaving the Seder table. Royal Wine, one of the world’s largest purveyors of kosher wines and spirits, offers Passover selections from across the globe in a broad range of tastes and prices. Selections even include kosher-for-Passover vodka, made from beets, and tequila from agave. “The kosher wine renaissance over the past two decades has led to more and more sophisticated options for Passover each year,” said Jay Buchsbaum, executive vice president, Marketing, and director of Wine Education at Royal Wine Corp. “2018 has been an exciting year for exceptional new releases from every major wine-producing region in the world.” It may surprise readers to know that many of today’s kosher wines are winning international competitions in top award categories. Bottom line: There’s no reason the quality of wine at your Seder can’t stand up to a glorious meal and your best crystal goblets. Royal has released a range of notable wines and spirits to fit virtually everyone’s budget, from $5 to $500. This Passover, don’t be plagued by kosher wines – now those four cups can be something to be savored, not endured. Here are a few highlights from around the world to watch for this Passover:

Israel Château Remo is a new boutique winery from Israel’s Galilee region. Gush Etzion, a great boutique winery from the Judean Hills, returns to America with an impressive array of high-quality wines. Domaine du Castel La Vie is a selection of well-priced, high-quality red and white wines. Jezreel Levanim and Adumim, approachable and affordable, these are wines that reflect the Israeli terroir. Barkan Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon is a wine that’s practically unmatched in quality for the price. Covenant Israel Blue C Viognier is a delicious white wine made by Covenant’s Jeff Morgan, famous for his highly rated California Cabernet, at his Israeli winery.

France Rothschild Champagne is an elegant and classic champagne from this famed family of wines. Chateau Trijet, Bordeaux 2015, made from organically grown grapes, proves that quality

Bordeaux wines can also be inexpensive. Chateau Fontenil, Fronsac 2015. This is the first kosher cuvée of Michel Rolland’s very own winery in the Fronsac appellation in Bordeaux. Rolland is arguably the world’s most sought-after consultant winemaker, overseeing the production of wines at hundreds of wineries all over the globe. Chateau Lascombes, A Grand Cru from Margaux 2015 has been made kosher for the first time.

inexpensive refreshing white from Australia.

Spain Celler de Capçanes Peraj Ha’abib Special Edition Pinot Noir 2015 is a superb Pinot Noir from Catalonia’s cult Spanish winery.

Chile Alfasi Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon is the top QPR Cabernet from this booming New World region.

California

Argentina

Herzog Lineage, the brand-new series of topvalue wines from Herzog Wine Cellars, includes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon Blanc, as well as a Rose. Hagafen, 36th Anniversary Winemaker’s Reserve.

Flechas de Los Andes Gran Malbec, an amazing Malbec from a world-famous winery, is part of the Rothchild wine estates.

Italy Bartenura, Sparkling Moscato Rosé, is beautifully packaged for gift-giving and celebration. Bartenura, Limited Edition Demi Sec, is a unique and festive blend of Glera and Moscato.

Australia Teal Lake, Sauvignon Blanc, is a great and

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

*** The spirit of Passover won’t stop at wines, thanks to these new releases: LVOV Vodka, distilled from beets; Hacienda de Chihuahua Sotol Plata Tequila; and Reposado, distilled from wild agave harvested in the Chihuahuan desert of northern Mexico (similar to its Mexican cousins tequila, mezcal and sotol).

What Makes Kosher Wine Kosher “People may be surprised to know that most kosher-certified wines are kosher for year-round Page 39

use as well as for Passover,” said Buchsbaum. Here are more facts to help you understand what makes wine kosher: 1) Kosher wine is made in precisely the same way as “regular” wine. The only difference is that there is rabbinical oversight during the process and that the wine is handled by Sabbath-observant Jews. 2) Not all Israeli wines are kosher. Only about 30 percent of Israeli wine brands are actually certified kosher, but the kosher wineries produce more than 90 percent of the Israel wine-industry’s output. 3) In the 1980s, there were very few kosher wines. Buchsbaum said that, back then, Royal Wine only imported three kosher wines from Bordeaux. 4) The number of producers of kosher wines has dramatically increased in the past 10 to 20 years. To date, Royal Wine Corp. represents more than 60 kosher wine producers. This is due to an increase in interest from consumers who are adding to their kosher wine portfolios and, in some cases, building actual kosher wine cellars in their homes, a rare sight just two decades ago.

5) While a number of well-known wineries in countries from all over the world – including France, Spain, Italy and Argentina – are crafting special runs of kosher wine, California is not. With the exception of Marciano Estate, which produces a kosher run of its Terra Gratia, a high-end Napa Valley Blend, all kosher California wine is made by fully kosher wineries, such as Herzog Wine

Cellars, Covenant and Hagafen. 6) The reason many Passover dinners feature red wine is because there’s a rabbinic opinion that red wine is preferable since it’s the same variety that Jews used during their Seders after they escaped Egypt. 7) Kosher wines can range in price from $5 a bottle to $500. The average price for a bottle of

Best Wishes for a Happy Passover

Belden’s North Braeswood at Chimney Rock

Page 40

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

good kosher wine is $25. 8) The most popular Moscato in the U.S. happens to be kosher. Bartenura produces the largest-selling imported Italian Moscato in the U.S. The Moscato in the famous blue bottle sells more than 5 million bottles annually, only a fraction of which goes to the kosher market. 9) Currently, there is a steady increase in total wine consumption and great interest, specifically, in high-end Israeli wines, as well as the better French wines. 10) Drinking wine can be a mitzvah. Kosher wine is prescribed for use in many Jewish rituals: brit milah (circumcision), the wedding chuppah and the Kiddush that starts all Sabbath and holiday meals. While most occasions call for just one cup, on the holiday of Purim, wine (in abundance) is the beverage of choice for the festive meal, recalling wine’s significant role in the “banquets” described in the Megillah. On Passover, Jews are required to drink four cups of wine at the Seder.

always

Royal Wine/Kedem Founded in 1848, Royal Wine Corp. has been owned and operated in the United States by the Herzog family, whose wine-making roots go back eight generations to its origin in Czechoslovakia. Today, Royal Wine’s portfolio of domestic and international wines range from traditional wine-producing regions of France, Italy and Spain, as well as Israel, New Zealand and Argentina. Additionally, Royal Wine Corp.’s spirit and liqueur portfolio offers some of the most sought-after scotches, bourbons, tequilas and vodkas, as well as hard-to-find specialty items, such as flavored brandies and liqueurs. The company owns and operates the Kedem Winery in upstate New York, as well as Herzog Wine Cellars in Oxnard, Calif., a state-of-the-artfacility featuring guided wine tours, a fully staffed modern tasting room, gift shop and catering facilities. Additionally, the winery houses the awardwinning restaurant, Tierra Sur, serving the finest, Mediterranean-inspired, contemporary Californian cuisine.

from

‫ח‬ ‫ושמח‬ ‫חג כשר‬ ‫חג‬ Chag Kasher V'Sameach V'Sameach Passover is a time for joy, celebration, peace and freedom. Warm wishes to you and your family.

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Do You Remember?

April 1976

A look through the pages of the Jewish Herald-Voice 42 years ago April 1976

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Page 43

April 1976 May 1976

HAPPY PASSOVER! HAPPY PASSOVER! from from

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May 1976

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How to Prepare Your Seder Plate Items Quickly and Easily

By MIRIAM SZOKOVSKI | CHABAD.ORG

P

reparing the Seder plate can seem overwhelming, but it needn’t be. Although there are six or seven different components, none of them is particularly complex. Here, I’ll explain what each element represents, how it’s prepared and when it’s used. Please note: Some of the items used may vary, depending on your community and family. I am going according to the Chabad custom.

Zeroa: Shank Bone The shank bone represents the paschal sacrifice brought in Temple times. For this, we use a chicken neck, roasted on the stovetop.

Hold the chicken neck over a burner with a pair of tongs, until blackened on both sides. Prepare one for each Seder plate. The shank bone is not eaten, and the same one can be used for both nights.

Beitza: Egg The hard-boiled egg represents the holiday offering brought in Temple times. Prepare one egg per Seder plate. You also may wish to prepare one for anyone else at the table who is not using a Seder plate. The egg is traditionally dipped in salt water and eaten at the beginning of the meal. To prepare: Place the eggs in a pot and cover with cold water. Cover the pot and bring to a boil. When the water reaches a rolling boil, turn the

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

fire off and leave the eggs in the covered pot for about 12 minutes. For easier peeling, run the eggs under cold water.

Maror: Bitter Herbs The bitter herbs remind us of the bitter slavery and exile in Egypt. We use freshly grated horseradish root wrapped in romaine lettuce. To prepare the horseradish, peel and grate the horseradish root. You can use a hand grater or a food processor. Store in a glass jar for maximum freshness.

Chazeret: Lettuce The lettuce symbolizes the bitter enslavement of our fathers in Egypt. The leaves of romaine letPage 49

tuce are not bitter, but the stem, when left to grow in the ground, turns hard and bitter. Likewise, when we were enslaved in Egypt, at first the deceitful approach of Pharaoh was soft and sensible, and the work was done voluntarily and even for pay. Gradually, it evolved into forced and cruel labor. To prepare the lettuce, wash it well and check for bugs. I find the easiest way is to cut off the stem and place the leaves in a big bowl of water. Remove and check each leaf and pat dry with a paper towel. The lettuce and bitter herbs are used twice. After we finish the maggid portion of the Seder, when we tell most of the story of the Exodus, we wash hands and eat the matzah. Then, we eat the maror (the grated horseradish wrapped in a couple of lettuce leaves), and after that, we eat the sandwich (another dose of horseradish and romaine, this time sandwiched between matzah).

Charoset: Paste Charoset reminds us of the bricks and mortar the Jewish people were forced to make while enslaved in Egypt. We use it as a type of relish, into which the maror is dipped (and then shaken off). For a basic charoset, mix together one finely diced apple, one finely diced pear, 1 cup ground walnuts and ½ cup red wine.

Karpas: Vegetable The vegetable alludes to the backbreaking work

the Jews did in Egypt. The letters of the Hebrew word, karpas, can be rearranged to spell perech samech. Perech means backbreaking labor, and samech numerically alludes to the number of Jews enslaved in Egypt. The vegetable is dipped in salt water and eaten at the beginning of the Seder, after saying Kiddush and washing hands. The Chabad custom is to use a piece of cooked potato or a piece of raw onion, but many others use parsley, radish or celery. Peel and cut a potato and place in a small pot with enough water to cover. Bring to a boil and cook until the potato is fork tender. For the onion, just peel and cut into chunks. Prepare enough karpas for each person at the Seder.

Salt Water The salt water represents the bitter tears our ancestors shed while enslaved for so many years. It is placed in a small bowl next to the Seder plate, and both the karpas (vegetable) and the egg are dipped into it. Make the salt water by mixing 1 to 2 tablespoons of salt into 2 cups water. And that’s it – you’re done!

Good Ideas Here are some tips to help your Seder plate preparation go quickly and easily. Make a list so you can cross off each item as it’s done.

If your kitchen is Passover-ready in advance, get a couple of items ready early. The shank bone can be frozen after it’s roasted, for example. And, if you put the lettuce in a Ziploc bag with all of the air squeezed out, it stays fresh and crunchy for a good week. Eggs can be boiled one to two days before, and the salt water can be prepared at any time. It also literally takes about one minute. Multitask: Keep in mind that the cooking of the eggs and potato is “passive time.” You can use this time to prepare other elements. Grate the horseradish in a separate room or even outside. When it is very fresh and potent, it can make everyone’s eyes sting, just like onions. When grated, the aroma carries through the air and is particularly strong. The most time-consuming task is probably the washing, checking and drying of the lettuce. If you have kids around, this is a good job for them. The amount of time it takes will largely depend on how many people you are preparing for. If you have a big crowd, delegate! Ask people to chip in and hand out specific jobs. Happy Passover! Miriam Szokovski is the author of the historical novel, “Exiled Down Under,” and a member of the Chabad.org editorial team. She shares her love of cooking, baking and food photography on Chabad.org’s food blog, Cook It Kosher. Copyright Chabad.org, all rights reserved.

3443 Wilcrest Drive Houston, Texas 77042 (713) 334-4300 [email protected]

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Houston’sIAC IACwishes wishesall allininthe thecommunity communityaaHappy HappyPassover! Passover! Houston’s We look forward to celebrating Israel’s Independence Day, We look forward to celebrating Israel’s Independence Day, YomHa’atzmaut, Ha’atzmaut,with withour ourHouston Houstoncommunity. community.Please Pleasejoin joinus us Yom onApril April19 19for foran anunprecedented unprecedentedgathering gatheringofofthe thecommunity community on andaaspecial specialceremony ceremonyinincelebration celebrationofofIsrael’s Israel’s70 70thth and anniversary! The event is co-hosted by the Jewish Federation anniversary! The event is co-hosted by the Jewish Federation GreaterHouston Houstonand andthe theEvelyn EvelynRubenstein RubensteinCommunity Community ofofGreater Center.Then Thenjoin jointhe theIAC IACaafew fewdays dayslater latertotocomplete completethe the Center. IsraeliIndependence IndependenceDay Daycelebration celebrationon onApril April21 21atatan anadultadultIsraeli onlySaturday SaturdayNight NightLive Liveparty! party! only

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Thank you to our friends at the Jewish Herald-Voice for outstanding service and your commitment to fostering an inclusive Houston Jewish Community.

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Everything Jewish Directory

An expanded, digital directory is available at JuniverseTexas.com.

Aishel House 1955 University Blvd. Houston, Texas 77030 713-522-2004 aishelhouse.org American Assocs. for Ben-Gurion University of the Negev 24 Greenway Plaza, Suite 550 Houston, Texas 77046 713-522-8284 aabgu.org American Friends of Magen David Adom 888-674-4871 afmda.org American Israel Public Affairs Committee P.O. Box 27948 Houston, Texas 77227 713-871-1891 aipac.org

Bellaire Jewish Center [O] 12 Bellaire Triangle Arc Bellaire TX 77401 832-971-3781 bjchouston.org

Bertha Alyce Center (I) Jewish Community Center 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-551-7200 erjcchouston.org Beth Ahava RabbaHouston Congregation for Humanistic Judaism 17424 W. Grand Pkwy, Suite 182 Sugar Land, Texas 77479 832-779-7610 bethahavarabba.com Beth Yeshurun Day School (C) 4525 Beechnut St. Houston, Texas 77096 713-666-1884 byds.org B’nai B’rith International bnaibrith.org

Chabad Hebrew School of Sugar Land 4501 Cartwright Rd., Suite 770 Missouri City, Texas 77459 832-758-0685 chabadsugarland.com

Chabad Hebrew School of West Houston 12645 Whittington Dr. Houston, Texas 77077 281-589-7188 westchabad.org Chabad House at Rice (O) 1955 University Blvd. Houston, Texas 77030 713-522-2004 chabadatrice.org Chabad Lubavitch Center (O) Texas Regional Headquarters 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 chabadhouston.com

Bnei Akiva - Houston 9001 Greenwillow St. Houston, Texas 77096 713-723-3850 uosh.org

Chabad of Sugar Land (O) 4501 Cartwright Rd., Suite 770 Missouri City, Texas 77459 832-758-0685 chabadsugarland.com

Americans for a Safe Israel P.O. Box 35661 Houston, Texas 77235 afsi.org

Business & Professional Women’s Breakfast Clubs Jewish Federation of Greater Houston 5603 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-7000

Chabad of the Bay Area (O) 2047 W. Main St., Suite B7 League City, Texas 77573 jbayarea 281-724-1554

American Technion Society 561-832-5401 ats.org

Camp Beren – Moshava 11333 Cliffwood Dr. Houston, Texas 77035 713-723-7170 berenacademy.org

AMIT, Pearl Schwartz– Houston Chapter 7706 Apache Plume Dr. Houston, Texas 77071 713-667-0942

Chabad of Uptown (O) 4311 Bettis Dr. Houston, Texas 77027 713-419-3960 chabaduptown.org

Camp Gan Israel 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 cgihouston.com

Anti-Defamation League SW Region 4635 Southwest Fwy., Suite 400 Houston, Texas 77027 713-627-3490 adl.org/southwest

Camp Gan IsraelS. Padre Island 904 Padre Blvd. South Padre Island, Texas 78597 956-467-4323 cgispi.com

American Jewish Committee 3355 W. Alabama St. Suite 1120 Houston, TX 77098 713-439-1202 ajchouston.org

ASCENT 10101 Fondren Rd., Suite 515 Houston, Texas 77096 713-721-6400 torchweb.org Bais Chabad of The Woodlands [O] 25823 Budde Rd. Spring, Texas 77380 281-865-7242 jewishwoodlands.com BBYO 9000 S. Rice Ave. Houston, Texas 77096 330-475-5067 bbyo.org Becker School – PreK 1500 Sunset Blvd. Houston, Texas 77005 713-535-6400 emanuelhouston.org

Page 54

Camp Young Judaea 5410 Bellaire Blvd. Suite 207 Houston, Texas 77096 713-723-8354 cyjtexas.org Camps at J 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-3200 erjcchouston.org Celebration Company JFS Disability Services 713-667-9336 jfshouston.org Cemeteries (Visit juniversetexas.com) Center for Jewish Living and Learning Jewish Community Center 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-3200 erjcc.org

Chabad Outreach Jewish Inmate Services 11000 Fondren Rd., Suite B-104 Houston, Texas 77096 713-774-0300 Chabad Outreach of Houston 11000 Fondren Rd., Suite B104 Houston, Texas 77096 713-774-0300 chabadoutreach.org Chai Learning Center (O) 12645 Whittington Dr. Houston, Texas 77077 281-589-7188 westchabad.org Chevra Kadisha of Houston 10700 Fondren Rd., Suite 1001 Houston, Texas 77096 713-776-2438 Child Survivors of the Holocaust - Houston 281-482-5728 Congregation Beth El (R) 3900 Raoul Wallenberg Ln. Missouri City, Texas 77459 281-499-5066 betheltx.org

Congregation Beth El Preschool (R) 3900 Raoul Wallenberg Ln. Missouri City, Texas 77459 281-499-5066 cbepreschool.com

Congregation Temple Emanuel (R) 1120 Broadway Ave. Beaumont, Texas 77701 409-832-6131 emanuelbeaumont.org

Congregation Beth Israel (R) 5600 N. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-771-6221 beth-israel.org

Congregation Torah Vachesed (O) 5925 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 831-335-3639 torahvachesed.com

Congregation Beth Jacob (C) 2401 Avenue K Galveston, Texas 77550 409-762-4545 congregationbethjacob.org Congregation Beth Rambam (O) 11333 Braesridge St. Houston, Texas 77071 713-723-3030 bethrambam.org Congregation Beth Shalom (R) 101 N. Coulter Dr. Bryan, Texas 77803 979-822-2738 cbs-bcs.org Congregation Beth Shalom of The Woodlands (R) 5125 Shadow Bend Pl. Spring, Texas 77382 281-362-1100 cbsw.org Congregation Beth Yeshurun (C) 4525 Beechnut St. Houston, Texas 77096 713-666-1881 bethyeshurun.org Congregation Brith Shalom (C) 4610 Bellaire Blvd. Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-667-9201 brithshalom.org Congregation Emanu El (R) 1500 Sunset Blvd. Houston, Texas 77005 713-529-5771 emanuelhouston.org Congregation Jewish Community North (R) 5400 Fellowship Ln. Spring, Texas 77379 281-376-0016 cjcn.org Congregation K’Nesseth Israel (I) P.O. Box 702 Baytown, Texas 77522 281-424-5827 Congregation Or Ami (C) 3443 Wilcrest Dr. Houston, Texas 77042 713-334-4300 oramihouston.org Congregation Shaar Hashalom (C) 16020 El Camino Real Houston, Texas 77062 281-488-5861 shaarhashalom.org Congregation Shma Koleinu (R) P.O. Box 1808 Bellaire, Texas 77402 713-960-1800 Check website for service locations shmakoleinu.com

Consulate General of Israel to the Southwest 24 Greenway Plaza, Suite 1500 Houston, Texas 77046 832-301-3504 israelhouston.org Dionysus Theatre 957 NASA Pkwy. #456 Houston, Texas 77058 713-728-0041 dionysustheatre.net Ellen Boniuk Early Childhood Center (I) JCC/West Houston 1120 Dairy Ashford St. Houston, Texas 77079 281-556-5567 erjcchouston.org The Emery/Weiner School (I) 9825 Stella Link Rd. Houston, Texas 77025 832-204-5900 emeryweiner.org Evelyn Rubenstein Jewish Community Center 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-3200 erjcchouston.org Florence Melton Adult Mini-School of the JCC 713-729-3200, ext. 3288 erjcchouston.org Friends of the IDF – Texas Chapter P.O. Box 22245 Houston, Texas 77227 713-955-0225 fidf.org Friendship Circle of Houston 11000 Fondren Rd., Suite B104 Houston, Texas 77096 713-774-0300 friendshiphouston.com Gan Mishpacha Preschool 5125 Shadow Bend Pl. The Woodlands, TX 77381 281-362-1100 cbsw.org Gold Family Mikva Center 9001 Greenwillow St. Houston, Texas 77096 713-723-3850 uosh.org Goldberg B’nai B’rith Towers 10909 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-771-2417

Goldring Woldenberg Institute of Southern Jewish Life 601-362-6357 isjl.org Government of Israel Economic Mission 2 Riverway, Suite 740 Houston, Texas 77056 713-599-0290 israeltrade.gov.il Greater Houston Jewish Genealogical Society 3446 Quail Meadow Dr, Missouri City, Texas 77459 281-253-2702 ghjgs.org Hadassah 24 Braeswood Square Houston, Texas 77096 713-661-1022 houston.hadassah.org Hebrew Free Loan Association 4131 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77025 713-724-8997 hfla.net Hebrew Order of David Lodge Galil of Houston 106 Datonia St. Bellaire, Texas 77401 [email protected] hodgalil.org Hebrew School of the Arts 4909 Bissonnet St., Suite 180 Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-839-8887 jewishbellaire.com Hillel-Bay Area See Hillel Houston Hillel Houston Ida & William Zinn Student Center 1700 Bissonnet St. Houston, Texas 77005 713-526-4918 UH A.D. Bruce Religion Center Entrance 13 off Cullen St. houstonhillel.org jewstontexas.org Hillel-Texas A&M University 800 George Bush Dr. College Station, Texas 77840 979-703-1856 tamuhillel.org Hillel-University of Texas at Austin 2105 San Antonio St. Austin, Texas 78705 512-476-0125 texashillel.org Holocaust Museum Houston 9220 Kirby Dr., Suite 100 Houston. Texas 77054 713-942-8000 hmh.org Holocaust Survivors and Descendants 713-592-0840 houstonsurvivors @gmail.com Houston Adult Jewish Bowling 713-569-8619 [email protected]

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

Everything Jewish Directory

Houston Community Collel, Adult Education Institute 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, TX 77096 713-777-2000 collel.org

Houston Congregation For Reform Judaism (R) 801 Bering Dr. Houston, Texas 77057 713-782-4162 hcrj.org Houston Jewish Chamber of Commerce 832-674-1262 [email protected] houstonjewishchamber.org Houston Jewish Community Foundation 5603 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-7000 houstonjewish.org/ foundation Houston Jewish Funerals 5455 Dashwood St., Suite 700 Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-666-0257 houstonjewishfunerals.com

Houston Jewish Geriatric Foundation Seven Acres Jewish Senior Care 6200 N. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77074 713-778-5700 Houston Jewish Singles

[email protected]

713-272-0335

Houston Jewish Special Needs houstonjewishspecial needs.org Houston Kashruth Association P.O. Box 35225 Houston, Texas 77235 832-477-2406 kosherhouston.org Israel Aliyah aliyah.org nbn.org.il Israel Bonds/ Development Corporation for Israel 9660 Hillcroft St., Suite 316 Houston, TX 77096 713-729-3100 israelbonds.com Israeli American Council-Houston 832-312-4706 [email protected] israeliamerican.org israeliamerican.org/ houston Israel Ministry of Tourism goisrael.com Jewish Chaplaincy Office Jewish Family Service 713-667-9336 713-404-3596 Jewish Children’s Regional Service 3500 N. Causeway Blvd., Suite 1120 Metairie, LA 70002 800-729-5277 Houston office at JFS 832-767-9097 jcrsnola.org

Jewish Community Center (See Evelyn Rubenstein JCC)

Jewstontexas jewstontexas.org

Jewish Community Center/West Houston 1120 Dairy Ashford St. Houston, Texas 77079 281-556-5567 erjcchouston.org

Judaic Lending Library 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, TX 77096 713-777-2000 chabadhouston.com/ jlibrary Judaica Shops (Visit juniversetexas.com)

Jewish Community of Brazosport (I) 88 Flaglake Dr. Clute, Texas 77531 979-285-9112

JUNIVERSE – Jewish Directory 713-630-0391 juniversetexas.com

Jewish Ethics Institute 5200 West Loop S. Suite 211 Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-398-4513 j-ethics.org Jewish Family Service 4131 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77025 713-667-9336 jfshouston.org Jewish Federation of Greater Houston 5603 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-7000 houstonjewish.org Jewish Herald-Voice 3403 Audley St. Houston, Texas 77098 713-630-0391 jhvonline.com jhvonline.com/e-edition Jewish Lonestars [email protected]

Jewish National Fund 713-271-3030 jnf.org Jewish Recovery Celebration Group 4501 Cartwright Rd., Suite 770 Missouri City, Texas 77459 832-758-0685 [email protected] Jewish Senior Assessment Service 4131 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77025 713-667-9336 jfshouston.org Jewish Student Network 10101 Fondren Rd., Suite 515 Houston, Texas 77096 713-721-6400 torchweb.org/jsu.php Jewish Vegetarians of Houston [email protected] Jewish War Veterans Ladies Auxiliary 12122 Kittybrook Houston, Texas 77071 713-728-8844 Jewish War Veterans Post 574 710 N. Post Oak Rd., Suite 118 Houston, Texas 77024 713-682-1003

Kesher religious school 713-667-9336 jfshouston.org Kehillah High 713-271-7369 kehillahhouston.org Keshet Houston (GL) P.O. Box 920552 Houston, Texas 77292 832-429-5392 keshethouston.org Kulam religious school class 713-529-5771 emanuelhouston.org L’Chaim Center P.O. Box 3321 Bellaire, Texas 77402 713-705-7662 l-chaimcenter.org Levy Funeral Directors 4525 Bissonnet St. Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-660-6633 levyfuneraldirectors.com Matchmaker Jewish Herald-Voice P.O. Box 153 Houston, Texas 77001 [email protected] jhvonline.com The Medallion Jewish Assisted Living Residence 6262 N. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77074 713-778-5777 themedallion.org Mehadrin Kashrus of Texas 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 texaskosher.org Merfish Teen Center 9000 S. Rice Ave. Houston, Texas 77096 713-838-7200 erjcchouston.org Meyerland Minyan (O) 9606 Chimney Rock Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-398-1566 meyerlandminyan.org Mikveh Taharas Yisrael Women, men, keilim (dishes) 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 mtyhouston.org Mitchabrim Houston Find on Facebook Mohels (Visit juniversetexas.com)

Moishe House Houston moishehousehouston @gmail.com [email protected] Mosaic Outdoor Club P.O. Box 131193 Houston, Texas 77219 713-868-6310 mosaicoutdoor.org National Council of Jewish Women P.O. Box 3011 Bellaire, Texas 77402 281-974-6364 ncjwhouston.org Neighbors4Neighbors Network 713-667-9336 Nefesh B’Nefesh nbn.org.il Network Houston networkhouston4 @gmail.com

Nite Owls 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-3200 N’shei Chabad Lubavitch Women 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 N’shei Chesed Agudah Women of Houston 718-438-0211 ORT America 75 Maiden Lane, FL 10 New York, N.Y. 10038 800-519-2678 ortamerica.org Rice University Jewish Studies Program P.O. Box 1892 Houston, Texas 77251-1892 713-348-4512 [email protected] Robert M. Beren Academy (O) 11333 Cliffwood Dr. Houston, Texas 77035 713-723-7170 berenacademy.org Rohr Chabad Jewish Student & Community Center Texas A&M University 201 Live Oak St. College Station, Texas 77840 979-220-5020 JewishAggies.com Running Jewish Singles 713-621-6699 [email protected] Seven Acres Jewish Senior Care Services 6200 N. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77074 713-778-5700 sevenacres.org

‘The Shul’ of Bellaire (O) 5307 Bissonnet St. Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-839-8887 jewishbellaire.com

TORCH 9427 Glenfield Ct. Houston, Texas 77096 713-721-6400 torchweb.org

Special Friends Club Jewish Children’s Regional Service 800-729-5277 jcrsnola.org

United Orthodox Synagogues (O) 9001 Greenwillow St. Houston, Texas 77096 713-723-3850 uosh.org

Special Needs Resource Guide Jewish Family Service jfshouston.org/ specialneeds.php STARS Preschool Intervention Program Evelyn Rubenstein JCC 713- 551-7200 erjcchouston.org Temple Beth Tikvah (R) 12411 Park Shadows Trail Houston, Texas 77058 281-286-1717 tbthouston.com Temple Beth Torah (R) 320 Shallow Dr. Humble, Texas 77338 281-446-5611 tbthumble.org Temple B’nai Israel (R) 3008 Avenue O Galveston, Texas 77550 409-765-5796 templebnaiisrael galveston.org Temple B’nai Israel (R) 604 N. Main St. Victoria, Texas 77901 361-576-5667 Temple Israel (R) 211 Baumgarten Rd. Mail: P.O. Box 602 Schulenburg, Texas 78956 979-562-2199 [email protected] Temple Sinai (R) 13875 Brimhurst Dr. Houston, Texas 77077 281-496-5950 temple-sinai.org Texas Friends of Chabad Lubavitch 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 chabadtexas.org Texas Jewish Historical Society P.O. Box 10193 Austin, Texas 78766 979-247-4504 txjhs.org Torah Day School of Houston (O) 10900 Fondren Rd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-777-2000 tdshouston.org

Shalom Cypress (C) Northwest Houston/ Cypress area shalomcypress.org

Torah Girls Academy of Texas (O) 10101 Fondren Rd., Suite 136 Houston, Texas 77096 713-936-0644 tgatexas.org

The Shlenker School (R) 5600 N. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-270-6127 shlenker.org

TOPS Soccer 5601 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-3200 erjcchouston.org

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

UOS Goldberg Montessori School (O) 4610 Bellaire Blvd. Bellaire, Texas 77401 713-723-3856 uosgms.org UOS Goldberg Montessori School Summer Camp 713-723-3856 uosgms.org University of Houston Jewish Studies Program 613 Agnes Arnold Hall Houston, TX 77204 713-743-3074 [email protected] URJ Greene Family Camp 1192 Smith Ln. Mail: P.O. Box 1468 Bruceville, Texas 76630 254-859-5411 greene.urjcamps.org Waldman Funeral Care 9034 Long Point Rd. Houston, Texas 77055 713-875-4811 waldmanfuneralcare.com West Houston Lodge of B’nai B’rith 1902 Park Hollow Sugar Land, Texas 77479 281-545-1267 [email protected] Women’s American ORT 4807 Pin Oak Park, Apt. 5210 Houston, Texas 77081 713-660-9872 ortamerica.org Women’s Int’l Zionist Organization wizo.org Yachad-Houston 561-504-1033 [email protected] YAD (Young Adult Division) Jewish Federation of Greater Houston 5603 S. Braeswood Blvd. Houston, Texas 77096 713-729-7000 houstonjewish.org Yeshiva Ohr HaNegev 713-854-8428 Yeshiva Torat Emet (O) 11330 Braesridge Dr. Houston TX 77071 713-721-3900 tetx.org Young Israel of Houston (O) 7823 Ludington St. Houston, Texas 77071 713-729-0719 yihouston.org Young Judaea youngjudaea.org

Page 55

JHV

The

JEWISH HERALD-VOICE

February 8, 2018 23 Shevat 5778 Volume CX Number 49 Houston, TX $2 Per Copy jhvonline.com

GREATER HOUSTON’S JEWISH NEWS MEDIA SINCE 1908

Greatly Appreciates its Advertisers: ABC Doors.........................................42 AFP Group........................................ 20 Alexander the Great............................ 48 Anti-Defamation League..................... 37 Any Occasion Party Rental..................42 Becker School................................... 44 Belden’s............................................ 40 Bellaire Dental Group..........................24 Belmont Village................................. 33 Benjy’s............................................. 37 Bernstein Realty............. inside front cover Beth Yeshurun Day School..................13 Boardwalk Fantasea Yacht Charters......18 Braescroft Animal Clinic...................... 44 Buffalo Specialties............................. 45 Cagle, Commissioner Jack................. 48 Chair King......................................... 46 Chang, Judge Theresa....................... 45 Chevra Kadisha................................. 46 Cominsky, Terry................................. 48 Congregation Beth El.......................... 48 Congregation Beth Israel..................... 23 Congregation Beth Yeshurun................51 Congregation Emanu El...................... 37 Congregation Or Ami.......................... 50 Congregation Shma Koleinu................ 38 Culberson, Rep. John......................... 38 Dean, Judge Sheri Y............................41 Dessert Gallery...................................18 Dollinger, Scot....................................41 Downtown Aquarium.......................... 45 Emery/Weiner School..........................47 Evelyn Rubenstein JCC.........................42 Fein, Martin and Kelli Cohen............... 26 Firestone Pest Control......................... 34 French House.................................... 48 Friends of the IDF................................. 3 Gaitz Memorials................................ 20 Great Glasses.................................... 48 Page 56

Great Rug Company............................42 Green, Rep. Gene.............................. 32 Hall, Russell.......................................19 Harberg, Karen Robinson................... 45 H-E-B................................................. 5 Hebrew Free Loan Association............ 40 Holocaust Museum Houston............... 22 Hou. Congregation for Reform Judaism... 47 Houston Hadassah............................ 23 Houston Jewish Funerals.....................24 Houston Jewish Geriatric Foundation... 33 Houston Marriott Westchase................16 Hyatt Regency Galleria........................10 IBC Bank...........................................51 IMG Financial Group.......................... 32 Israel American Council...................... 50 Israel Bonds...................................... 20 Jewish Family Service........................ 27 Jewish Federation of Greater Houston.... 1 John Daugherty Realtors.....................14 K Corporation.................................... 23 Kenny & Ziggy’s.................................. 8 Lee, Sheila Jackson........................... 36 Lee, Steve......................................... 34 Luria Construction................................ 6 M Penner.......................................... 44 M. Wiesenthal Men’s Collection........... 46 Martha Turner Sotheby’s..........back cover The Medallion.....................................24 Meyerland Conoco............................. 34 Meyerland Minyan..............................42 Meyerland Plaza.................................10 Miles, Sen. Borris L................Inside Back Moore, Judge Roy.............................. 46 Mosk & Mosk LLC..............................24 Multi-Medical..................................... 48 Natural Expressions Photography.........42 New York Bagel & Coffee Shop............19 Nina McLemore..................................51

Norton Ditto...................................... 27 Odensky, Larry.................................. 44 Ohms Electrical Services.....................42 Old Hickory Inn Barbecue................... 48 Plants ‘n Petals................................. 36 Pozmantier Williams Insurance........... 20 Robert M. Beren Academy...................41 Rosen, Constable Alan........................51 Russell & Smith..................................15 Seven Acres........................................ 6 Shlenker School................................. 32 Smith, Greg........................................47 Southwest Business Printers................42 Temple Sinai .................................... 34 Texas Advantage Insurance Brokerage..16 Texas Jewish Bar Association............. 48 Tristar Web Graphics.......................... 26 Twinco...............................................47 United Orthodox Synagogues.............. 38 UOS Goldberg Montessori School........ 27 Wealth Development Strategies........... 38 Weinstein Spira...................................13 Village Frame Gallery..........................47 Village of Meyerland............................. 8 Village of River Oaks............................ 8 Village of Tanglewood.......................... 8 Wright, Judge Loyd.............................47 Zadok Jewelers.................................. 22 Personal Greetings Alexander.......................................... 53 Brackman......................................... 52 Corn................................................. 52 Cweren............................................. 52 Jewish Herald-Voice........................... 53 Morris............................................... 52 Wilkenfeld......................................... 52

MARCH 31, 2018 JEWISH HERALD-VOICE 110th ANNIVERSARY PASSOVER EDITION

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