Route 66 Understanding 1 and 2 Samuel Dr. Stephen


Mar 23, 2016 - Dr. Stephen Rummage, Senior Pastor. Bell Shoals Baptist ... Proverbs 16:9 (ESV). The heart of man plans his way, but the Lord establish...

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Route 66 Understanding 1 and 2 Samuel Dr. Stephen Rummage, Senior Pastor Bell Shoals Baptist Church March 23, 2016 1 Samuel 13:13 (ESV) And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the command of the Lord your God, with which He commanded you. For then the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 1 Samuel 13:14 (ESV) But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought out a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be prince over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.” Structure of 1 Samuel I. The Role of Samuel in Finding a King (1 Samuel 1:1-7:17) II. The Rejection of Saul as King (1 Samuel 8:1-15:35) III. The Rise of David to be King (1 Samuel 16:1-31:13) Structure of 2 Samuel I. The Triumphs of David (2 Samuel 1:1-10:19) II. The Transgressions of David (2 Samuel 11:1-27) III. The Troubles of David (2 Samuel 12:1-24:25)

Building God’s House 2 Samuel 7:1-17 2 Samuel 7:1 (ESV)

Now when the king lived in his house and the Lord had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies, 2 Samuel 7:2 (ESV)

the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent.” 2 Samuel 7:3 (ESV)

And Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for the Lord is with you.” 2 Samuel 7:4 (ESV)

But that same night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, 2 Samuel 7:5 (ESV)

“Go and tell my servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord: Would you build Me a house to dwell in? 1. David's Great Ambition

2 Samuel 7:2 (ESV)

the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent.” 2 Samuel 7:3 (ESV)

And Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for the Lord is with you.” Proverbs 16:9 (ESV) The heart of man plans his way, but the Lord establishes his steps. 2. God's Gracious Answer 2 Samuel 7:4 (ESV)

But that same night the word of the Lord came to Nathan, 2 Samuel 7:5 (ESV)

“Go and tell my servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord: Would you build Me a house to dwell in? 2 Samuel 7:6 (ESV) I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent for My dwelling. 2 Samuel 7:7 (ESV) In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, “Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?”’

a. The Immediate Answer 2 Samuel 7:8 (ESV) Now, therefore, thus you shall say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over My people Israel. 2 Samuel 7:9 (ESV) And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. 2 Samuel 7:10 (ESV) And I will appoint a place for My people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, 2 Samuel 7:11 (ESV) from the time that I appointed judges over My people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. 2 Samuel 7:12 (ESV) When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.

1 Chronicles 28:3 (ESV) But God said to me, ‘You may not build a house for My name, for you are a man of war and have shed blood.’ 1 Chronicles 28:4 (ESV) Yet the Lord God of Israel chose me from all my father's house to be king over Israel forever. For He chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah my father's house, and among my father's sons He took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel. 1 Chronicles 28:5 (ESV) And of all my sons (for the Lord has given me many sons) He has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel. 1 Chronicles 28:6 (ESV) He said to me, ‘It is Solomon your son who shall build My house and My courts, for I have chosen him to be My son, and I will be his Father. 1 Chronicles 28:9 (ESV) “And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve Him with a whole heart and with a willing mind, for the Lord searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. If you seek Him, He will be found by you, but if you forsake Him, He will cast you off forever. 1 Chronicles 28:10 (ESV) Be careful now, for the Lord has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; be strong and do it.” 1 Kings 11:34 (ESV) Nevertheless, I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, but I will make him ruler all the days of his life, for the sake of David My servant whom I chose, who kept My commandments and My statutes. 1 Kings 11:36 (ESV) Yet to his son I will give one tribe, that David My servant may always have a lamp before Me in Jerusalem, the city where I have chosen to put My name. 1 Kings 15:4 (ESV) Nevertheless, for David's sake the Lord his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, setting up his son after him, and establishing Jerusalem,

b. The Ultimate Answer 2 Samuel 7:13 (ESV) He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 2 Samuel 7:14 (ESV) I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to Me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, 2 Samuel 7:15 (ESV) but My steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. Isaiah 9:6 (ESV) For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given; and the government shall be upon His shoulder, and His name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:7 (ESV) Of the increase of His government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over His kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this. Luke 1:30 (ESV) And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. Luke 1:31 (ESV) And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus. Luke 1:32 (ESV) He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to Him the throne of his father David, Luke 1:33 (ESV) and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

c. The Eternal Answer 2 Samuel 7:16 (ESV) And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’” 2 Samuel 7:17 (ESV) In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David. Jeremiah 33:20 (ESV) “Thus says the Lord: If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night will not come at their appointed time, Jeremiah 33:21 (ESV) then also My covenant with David My servant may be broken, so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne … 2 Peter 1:11 (ESV) …an entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Understanding 1 Samuel

Meaning: Samuel means "name of God" Author: Samuel, Nathan and Gad Audience: The People of Israel Date of Writing: 930 BC and later Theme: The Lord's sovereignty in raising up a godly king to lead His people, Israel. Key Verses: 1 Samuel 8:4-7 Structure of 1 Samuel I. The role of Samuel in Finding a King (1 Samuel 1:1-7:17) A. Samuel's Childhood (1:1-2:36) B. Samuel's Calling (3:1-4:1) C. Samuel's Ministry (4:2-7:17) II. The rejection of Saul as King (1 Samuel 8:1-15:35) A. Saul's Selection (8:1-12:25) B. Saul’s Exploits (13:1-14:52 C. Saul's Disobedience (15:1-35) III. The Rise of David to be King (1 Samuel 16:1-31:13) A. David's Ascent (16:1-17:58) B. Saul's Descent (18:1-31:13)

King Saul's Decline and Fall Causes

Results

He sacrificed presumptuously

Loss of kingdom foretold (13:14)

He made an oath foolishly

A curse on Jonathan (14:24, 44)

He spared Agag disobediently

Loss of kingdom (15:28)

He inquired of God uselessly

Unanswered prayer (28:6)

He visited a medium desperately

Doom predicted (28:19)

He died tragically

End of dynasty (31:4, 6)

Timeline of Lives of Samuel, Saul, David and Solomon

c. 1375 BC Israel ruled by Judges c. 1085 BC Samuel born c. 1080 BC Saul Born c. 1050 BC Saul becomes king c. 1040 BC David born c. 1010 BC David becomes king of Judah c. 1003 BC David becomes king over all Israel c. 991 BC Solomon born c. 970 BC Solomon becomes king

Understanding 2 Samuel

Meaning: Samuel means "name of God" Author: Samuel, Nathan and Gad Audience: The People of Israel Date of Writing: 930 BC and later Theme: 2 Samuel describes the reign of David and shows God's unfolding plan to bring Christ to rule over Israel and all people. Key Verses: 2 Samuel 7:4-17 Structure of 2 Samuel The Triumphs of David (2 Samuel 1:1-10:19) Political Triumphs (1:1-5:25) Spiritual Triumphs of David (6:1-7:29) Military Triumphs (8:1-10:19) The Transgressions of David (2 Samuel 11:1-27) The Sin of Adultery (11:1-5) The Sin of Murder (11:6-27) The Troubles of David (2 Samuel 12:1-24:25) The Troubles in David's House (12:1-18:33) The Troubles in David's Kingdom (19:1-24:25) Connection of 1 and 2 Samuel The Books of Samuel were one volume in the Hebrew text. The English translation, patterned after the Septuagint (the Greek Translation of the Old Testament), divides the book into two parts. First Samuel reveals how the kingdom was established. Second Samuel shows how the kingdom was consolidated. “A Man After God's Own Heart” The primary character in 2 Samuel is David. He displays a wide range of personifications: shepherd boy, court musician, soldier, true friend, outcast captain, king, great general, loving father, poet, sinner, brokenhearted old man, but always a man after God's own heart. David was a man after God's own heart (1 Sam. 13:14) because his will was completely committed to the will of his Lord.

David’s Family

Wives

In Hebron

1. 2. 3. 4.

Michal (Saul’s daughter) Ahinoam Abigail (Nabal’s widow) Maacah (Daughter of King of Geshur) 5. Haggith 6. Abital 7. Eglah

Sons 1. Amnon 2. Chileab (Daniel) 3. Absalom Tamar (David’s only named daughter) 4. Adonijah 5. Shephatiah 6. Ithream

Boaz

Obed --- Jesse --- DAVID

Ruth

Wives

8. Bathsheba (Uriah’s wife) (Bathshua)

In Jerusalem

9. Other wives and concubines

Sons

7. Shammua (Shimea) 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishua (Elishama) Eliphelet (Elpelet) Nogah Nepheg Japhia Elishama Elada (Beelada) Elphelet Other